Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of genotype-guided vs standard dosing of warfarin

Khagendra Dahal, Sharan P. Sharma, Erik Fung, Juyong Lee, Jason H. Moore, John N. Unterborn, Scott M. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Warfarin is a widely prescribed anticoagulant, and its effect depends on various patient factors including genotypes. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing genotypeguided dosing (GD) of warfarin with standard dosing have shown mixed efficacy and safety outcomes. We performed a meta-analysis of all published RCTs comparing GD vs standard dosing in adult patients with various indications of warfarin use. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and relevant references for English language RCTs (inception through March 2014). We performed the meta-analysis using a random effects model. RESULTS: Ten RCTs with a total of 2,505 patients were included in the meta-analysis. GD compared with standard dosing resulted in a similar % time in therapeutic range (TTR) at ≤ 1 month follow-up (39.7% vs 40.2%; mean difference [MD], - 0.52 [95% CI, - 3.15 to 2.10]; P = .70) and higher % TTR (59.4% vs 53%; MD, 6.35 [95% CI, 1.76-10.95]; P = .007) at > 1 month follow-up, a trend toward lower risk of major bleeding (risk ratio, 0.46 [95% CI, 0.19-0.1.11]; P = .08) at ≤ 1 month follow-up and lower risks of major bleeding (0.34 [95% CI, 0.16-0.74], P = .006) at > 1-month follow-up, and shorter time to maintenance dose (TMD) (24.6 days vs 34.1 days; MD, - 9.54 days [95% CI, - 18.10 to - 0.98]; P = .03) at follow-up but had no effects on international normalized ratio [INR] > 4.0, nonmajor bleeding, thrombotic outcomes, or overall mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In the first month of genotype-guided warfarin therapy, compared with standard dosing, there were no improvements in % TTR, INR > 4.0, major or minor bleeding, thromboembolism, or all-cause mortality. There was a shorter TMD, and, after 1 month, improved % TTR and major bleeding incidence, making this a cost-effective strategy in patients requiring longer anticoagulation therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-710
Number of pages10
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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