miR-221 suppresses ICAM-1 translation and regulates interferon-γ- induced ICAM-1 expression in human cholangiocytes

Guoku Hu, Ai Yu Gong, Jun Liu, Rui Zhou, Caishu Deng, Xian-Ming Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aberrant cholangiocyte reactions in response to inflammatory stimuli are important pathogenic factors for the persistent biliary inflammation in patients with cholangiopathies. Overexpression of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in cholangiocytes is a common pathological feature in inflammatory cholangiopathies and can promote cholangiocyte interactions with effector lymphocytes in the portal region. In this study, we tested the involvement of miRNA-mediated posttranscriptional regulation in IFN-γ-induced ICAM-1 expression in cholangiocytes. Using both immortalized and nonimmortalized human cholangiocyte cell lines, we found that IFN-γ activated ICAM-1 transcription and increased ICAM-1 protein expression. Inhibition of ICAM-1 transcription could only partially block IFN-γ-induced ICAM-1 expression at the protein level. In silico target prediction analysis revealed complementarity of miR-221 to the 3′-untranslated region of ICAM-1 mRNA. Targeting of ICAM-1 3′-untranslated region by miR-221 resulted in translational repression in cholangiocytes but not ICAM-1 mRNA degradation. Functional inhibition of miR-221 with anti-miR-221 induced ICAM-1 protein expression. Moreover, IFN-γ stimulation decreased miR-221 expression in cholangiocytes in a signal transducer and activator of transcription 1-dependent manner. Transfection of miR-221 precursor abolished IFN-γ-stimulated ICAM-1 protein expression. In addition, miR-221-mediated expression of ICAM-1 on cholangiocytes showed a significant influence on the adherence of cocultured T cells. These findings indicate that both transcriptional and miRNA-mediated post-transcriptional mechanisms are involved in IFN-γ-induced ICAM-1 expression in human cholangiocytes, suggesting an important role for miRNAs in the regulation of cholangiocyte inflammatory responses.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume298
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Fingerprint

Cell Adhesion Molecules
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Interferons
MicroRNAs
3' Untranslated Regions
Proteins
STAT1 Transcription Factor
RNA Stability
Computer Simulation
Transfection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Hepatology

Cite this

miR-221 suppresses ICAM-1 translation and regulates interferon-γ- induced ICAM-1 expression in human cholangiocytes. / Hu, Guoku; Gong, Ai Yu; Liu, Jun; Zhou, Rui; Deng, Caishu; Chen, Xian-Ming.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, Vol. 298, No. 4, 04.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Aberrant cholangiocyte reactions in response to inflammatory stimuli are important pathogenic factors for the persistent biliary inflammation in patients with cholangiopathies. Overexpression of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in cholangiocytes is a common pathological feature in inflammatory cholangiopathies and can promote cholangiocyte interactions with effector lymphocytes in the portal region. In this study, we tested the involvement of miRNA-mediated posttranscriptional regulation in IFN-γ-induced ICAM-1 expression in cholangiocytes. Using both immortalized and nonimmortalized human cholangiocyte cell lines, we found that IFN-γ activated ICAM-1 transcription and increased ICAM-1 protein expression. Inhibition of ICAM-1 transcription could only partially block IFN-γ-induced ICAM-1 expression at the protein level. In silico target prediction analysis revealed complementarity of miR-221 to the 3′-untranslated region of ICAM-1 mRNA. Targeting of ICAM-1 3′-untranslated region by miR-221 resulted in translational repression in cholangiocytes but not ICAM-1 mRNA degradation. Functional inhibition of miR-221 with anti-miR-221 induced ICAM-1 protein expression. Moreover, IFN-γ stimulation decreased miR-221 expression in cholangiocytes in a signal transducer and activator of transcription 1-dependent manner. Transfection of miR-221 precursor abolished IFN-γ-stimulated ICAM-1 protein expression. In addition, miR-221-mediated expression of ICAM-1 on cholangiocytes showed a significant influence on the adherence of cocultured T cells. These findings indicate that both transcriptional and miRNA-mediated post-transcriptional mechanisms are involved in IFN-γ-induced ICAM-1 expression in human cholangiocytes, suggesting an important role for miRNAs in the regulation of cholangiocyte inflammatory responses.

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