Approximately 15–20% of the S. aureus genome contains mobile genetic elements that can cause discrepancies between phenotypic and genotypic identification methods. Three blood culture bottles (each from a different patient) that showed discordant results, were shown to contain 2 S. aureus isolates after additional subcultures. One bottle had MRSA and MSSA that by DNA sequence analysis differed only by 31 kb; however, the deletions encompassed parts of SCCmec including mecA and SCCM1. The second bottle contained MRSA and MSSA that differed by 124 kb; the MSSA was missing the entire SCCmec and spa regions. The last bottle contained 2 MRSA, one with ACME II disrupting SCCmec and a 24 bp spa deletion. The deletions in SCCmec and the other elements gave rise to the discrepancies between molecular and the original culture results. Such discrepancies should prompt a search for additional strains in the blood culture bottle.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease|
|State||Published - Dec 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases