Multiple antimicrobial peptides and peptides related to bradykinin and neuromedin N isolated from skin secretions of the pickerel frog, Rana palustris

Yousef J. Basir, Floyd C. Knoop, Joseph Dulka, J. Michael Conlon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

116 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The skin secretions of the North American pickerel frog Rana palustris are toxic to both microorganisms and predators. A total of 22 peptides with differential growth-inhibitory activity towards bacteria and yeast were isolated from the electrostimulated secretions of R. palustris skin and were characterized structurally. Thirteen of the antimicrobial peptides belong to five of the known families previously identified in the skins of other species of Ranid frogs: brevinin-1 (3 peptides), esculentin-1 (2 peptides), esculentin-2 (1 peptide), ranatuerin-2 (6 peptides), and temporin (1 peptide). Nine peptides show little structural similarity towards other known antimicrobial peptides and so are classified in new families: palustrin-1 (4 peptides) with 27-28 amino acid residues and a cystine-bridged heptapeptide ring; palustrin-2 (3 peptides) with 31 amino acids and a cyclic heptapeptide region and palustrin-3 (2 peptides) with 48 amino acids and a cyclic hexapeptide region. Peptides belonging to the esculentin-1, esculentin-2 and palustrin-3 families are the most potent (minimal inhibitory concentrations approximately 1 μM against Escherichia coli) whereas peptides of the brevinin-1 and esculentin-2 families show the broadest spectrum of activity. As well as bradykinin that is identical to the human peptide, a further 4 peptides structurally related to [Leu8]bradykinin and two peptides related to neuromedin-N (the hexapeptide KKPYIL and a larger, cystine-containing form HLRRCGKKPYILMACS) were purified from the skin secretions. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-105
Number of pages11
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology
Volume1543
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2000

Fingerprint

neuromedin N
Ranidae
Bradykinin
Anura
Skin
Peptides
Cyclic Amino Acids
Cystine

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Structural Biology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

@article{39de92b4dcfe46c090d5ed040e74087c,
title = "Multiple antimicrobial peptides and peptides related to bradykinin and neuromedin N isolated from skin secretions of the pickerel frog, Rana palustris",
abstract = "The skin secretions of the North American pickerel frog Rana palustris are toxic to both microorganisms and predators. A total of 22 peptides with differential growth-inhibitory activity towards bacteria and yeast were isolated from the electrostimulated secretions of R. palustris skin and were characterized structurally. Thirteen of the antimicrobial peptides belong to five of the known families previously identified in the skins of other species of Ranid frogs: brevinin-1 (3 peptides), esculentin-1 (2 peptides), esculentin-2 (1 peptide), ranatuerin-2 (6 peptides), and temporin (1 peptide). Nine peptides show little structural similarity towards other known antimicrobial peptides and so are classified in new families: palustrin-1 (4 peptides) with 27-28 amino acid residues and a cystine-bridged heptapeptide ring; palustrin-2 (3 peptides) with 31 amino acids and a cyclic heptapeptide region and palustrin-3 (2 peptides) with 48 amino acids and a cyclic hexapeptide region. Peptides belonging to the esculentin-1, esculentin-2 and palustrin-3 families are the most potent (minimal inhibitory concentrations approximately 1 μM against Escherichia coli) whereas peptides of the brevinin-1 and esculentin-2 families show the broadest spectrum of activity. As well as bradykinin that is identical to the human peptide, a further 4 peptides structurally related to [Leu8]bradykinin and two peptides related to neuromedin-N (the hexapeptide KKPYIL and a larger, cystine-containing form HLRRCGKKPYILMACS) were purified from the skin secretions. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.",
author = "Basir, {Yousef J.} and Knoop, {Floyd C.} and Joseph Dulka and Conlon, {J. Michael}",
year = "2000",
month = "11",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/S0167-4838(00)00191-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1543",
pages = "95--105",
journal = "Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics",
issn = "1570-9639",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multiple antimicrobial peptides and peptides related to bradykinin and neuromedin N isolated from skin secretions of the pickerel frog, Rana palustris

AU - Basir, Yousef J.

AU - Knoop, Floyd C.

AU - Dulka, Joseph

AU - Conlon, J. Michael

PY - 2000/11/30

Y1 - 2000/11/30

N2 - The skin secretions of the North American pickerel frog Rana palustris are toxic to both microorganisms and predators. A total of 22 peptides with differential growth-inhibitory activity towards bacteria and yeast were isolated from the electrostimulated secretions of R. palustris skin and were characterized structurally. Thirteen of the antimicrobial peptides belong to five of the known families previously identified in the skins of other species of Ranid frogs: brevinin-1 (3 peptides), esculentin-1 (2 peptides), esculentin-2 (1 peptide), ranatuerin-2 (6 peptides), and temporin (1 peptide). Nine peptides show little structural similarity towards other known antimicrobial peptides and so are classified in new families: palustrin-1 (4 peptides) with 27-28 amino acid residues and a cystine-bridged heptapeptide ring; palustrin-2 (3 peptides) with 31 amino acids and a cyclic heptapeptide region and palustrin-3 (2 peptides) with 48 amino acids and a cyclic hexapeptide region. Peptides belonging to the esculentin-1, esculentin-2 and palustrin-3 families are the most potent (minimal inhibitory concentrations approximately 1 μM against Escherichia coli) whereas peptides of the brevinin-1 and esculentin-2 families show the broadest spectrum of activity. As well as bradykinin that is identical to the human peptide, a further 4 peptides structurally related to [Leu8]bradykinin and two peptides related to neuromedin-N (the hexapeptide KKPYIL and a larger, cystine-containing form HLRRCGKKPYILMACS) were purified from the skin secretions. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

AB - The skin secretions of the North American pickerel frog Rana palustris are toxic to both microorganisms and predators. A total of 22 peptides with differential growth-inhibitory activity towards bacteria and yeast were isolated from the electrostimulated secretions of R. palustris skin and were characterized structurally. Thirteen of the antimicrobial peptides belong to five of the known families previously identified in the skins of other species of Ranid frogs: brevinin-1 (3 peptides), esculentin-1 (2 peptides), esculentin-2 (1 peptide), ranatuerin-2 (6 peptides), and temporin (1 peptide). Nine peptides show little structural similarity towards other known antimicrobial peptides and so are classified in new families: palustrin-1 (4 peptides) with 27-28 amino acid residues and a cystine-bridged heptapeptide ring; palustrin-2 (3 peptides) with 31 amino acids and a cyclic heptapeptide region and palustrin-3 (2 peptides) with 48 amino acids and a cyclic hexapeptide region. Peptides belonging to the esculentin-1, esculentin-2 and palustrin-3 families are the most potent (minimal inhibitory concentrations approximately 1 μM against Escherichia coli) whereas peptides of the brevinin-1 and esculentin-2 families show the broadest spectrum of activity. As well as bradykinin that is identical to the human peptide, a further 4 peptides structurally related to [Leu8]bradykinin and two peptides related to neuromedin-N (the hexapeptide KKPYIL and a larger, cystine-containing form HLRRCGKKPYILMACS) were purified from the skin secretions. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034736299&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034736299&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0167-4838(00)00191-6

DO - 10.1016/S0167-4838(00)00191-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 11087945

AN - SCOPUS:0034736299

VL - 1543

SP - 95

EP - 105

JO - Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics

JF - Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics

SN - 1570-9639

IS - 1

ER -