Pharmacologic stress testing with dipyridamole is useful in patients undergoing thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy who cannot adequately exercise. Because dipyridamole increases coronary blood flow by reducing the metabolism of adenosine, the authors compared the uptake and clearance of Tl-201 following exercise stress testing (EST) and resting intravenous infusion of adenosine (AI) in crossover fashion in 20 healthy men. No perfusion defects or areas of redistribution were noted in any of the scans. Mean absolute myocardial Tl-201 uptake was 1.3 times greater with AI than with EST. Mean absolute extracardiac uptake was 2.0 times greater with AI. Mean Tl-201 myocardial clearance was virtually the same in all AI and EST views. During AI, 70% of the subjects experienced e side effects, mean arterial blood pressure decreased by 15%, and heart rate increased by 48%. The effects of adenosine on Tl-201 kinetics in the myocardium are similar to those of EST. Adenosine may be useful as a pharmacologic stress agent in patients undergoing Tl-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging