Synthesis of the first irreversible calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonists is described. bis-(2-Chloroethyl)amino and fluorosulphonyl groups were incorporated into the 4-position of the N-terminal benzoyl group of a potent competitive antagonist, N-α-benzoyl-h-α-CGRP(8-37) (analogues 4 and 6). Based on previous structure-activity relationships, a second pair of N-terminally modified analogues was synthesized containing a novel benzylated-His residue in position 10 (analogues 5 and 7). In separate experiments, SK-N-MC cells and mouse thoracic aortas were bathed in solutions containing 5 μm and 1.5 μm of each analogue, respectively. After extensive washing, calcitonin gene-related peptide concentration-response curves were generated for cAMP production in SK-N-MC cells and relaxation of mouse aortas. All analogues caused >20% reductions in maximal calcitonin gene-related peptide efficacy in both assays with analogue 5 containing an N-terminal bis-(2-chloroethyl)amino-benzoyl group and a benzylated-His10 residue completely abolishing cAMP production in SK-N-MC cells. Reductions in maximal responses were dependent on the analogue concentration. Analogue 4 also caused more than 10-fold reductions in the potency of the calcitonin gene-related peptide-mediated effects, whereas analogues 5, 6 and 7 have no significant effect on calcitonin gene-related peptide potency. These data indicate that all analogues bind irreversibly to calcitonin gene-related peptide receptors. The bis-(2-chloroethyl)amino-modified analogues 4 and 5 were more effective than the fluorosulphonyl-modified analogues 6 and 7.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry