Objectives: To examine the viewpoints of diabetes self-management training (DSMT) program coordinators about the roles and engagement of pharmacists who participate in DSMT programs, and the engagement between community pharmacies and DSMT programs by developing and administering a nationwide survey. Design: A mixed-methods exploratory sequential design; initial qualitative phase followed by a quantitative phase. Six in-depth interviews of DSMT program coordinators and intensive literature review informed the development of a 20-item survey instrument. Survey responses were descriptively analyzed, and themes were generated from context analysis of open-ended questions to generate the overall findings. Setting and participants: The survey was distributed in 2017 to 742 active American Association of Diabetes Educators DSMT program coordinators in the United States. Outcome measures: Proportion of DSMT programs engaging pharmacists and description of pharmacist's roles. Content areas pharmacists teach in DSMT programs. Challenges faced by pharmacists in completing 1000 direct patient hours as a prerequisite for attaining Certified Diabetes Educator certification and strategies used to overcome them. Perceived benefits of pharmacist involvement by coordinators and patients. Results: One-third of DSMT programs have pharmacists involved with most using pharmacists as educators. Coordinators believe that pharmacist care is highly beneficial to patients and recognize that community pharmacist's care is an added benefit to patients. However, collaborative practices are not well established between community pharmacists and DSMT programs. Program coordinators identified challenges they face when trying to involve community pharmacists in program delivery. Conclusion: Coordinators of DSMT programs and their patients see pharmacists’ care as highly beneficial within DSMT programs. Increasing participation and scope of community pharmacists’ involvement is desired by both DSMT coordinators and the patients they serve. There is substantial growth potential for both greater involvement of pharmacists in DSMT programs and enhancing links to community pharmacists’ care.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (nursing)