National survey of volunteer pharmacy preceptors: Effects of region, practice setting, and population density on responses

Maryann Z. Skrabal, Rhonda M. Jones, Ryan W. Walters, Ruth E. Nemire, Denise A. Soltis, Abby A. Kahaleh, Philip M. Hritcko, Cynthia J. Boyle, Mitra Assemi, Paul D. Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To survey volunteer pharmacy preceptors regarding experiential education and determine whether differences in responses relate to such factors as geographic region, practice setting, and population density. Methods: An online survey was sent to 4396 volunteer experiential preceptors. The survey consisted of 41 questions asking the preceptor to comment on the experiential education environment. Experiential education administrators from 9 schools of pharmacy administered the survey to their volunteer preceptors in all regions (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West) of the United States, in various pharmacy practice settings, and areas of differing population densities. Results: A total of 1163 (26.5%) preceptors responded. Regionally, preceptors in the West disagreed more than those in the Midwest and the South that they had enough time to spend with students to provide a quality experience and also required compensation less often than their counterparts in the Northeast and South. Concerning practice settings, hospital preceptors accepted students from more schools, had greater increases in requests, turned away more students, and spent less time with the students compared to preceptors in other settings. Population density differences reflected that preceptors at urban sites took and turned away more students than those at rural sites. Preceptors from rural areas spent more time with students and felt they were spending enough time with their students to provide quality experiences when compared to other preceptors. Conclusions: The results of this national volunteer preceptor survey may assist pharmacy school leaders in understanding how location, practice type, and population density affect experiential education, preceptor time-quality issues, and site compensation so they can take necessary actions to improve quality of student practice experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-272
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacy Practice
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Skrabal, M. Z., Jones, R. M., Walters, R. W., Nemire, R. E., Soltis, D. A., Kahaleh, A. A., Hritcko, P. M., Boyle, C. J., Assemi, M., & Turner, P. D. (2010). National survey of volunteer pharmacy preceptors: Effects of region, practice setting, and population density on responses. Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 23(3), 265-272. https://doi.org/10.1177/0897190010366927