Neuromuscular Consequences of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

Christopher D. Ingersoll, Terry L. Grindstaff, Brian G. Pietrosimone, Joseph M. Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

173 Scopus citations


The neuromuscular consequences of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury are important considerations because these deficits play a crucial role in a patient's recovery following ACL injury or reconstruction. The purpose of this article is to review and synthesize the known neuromuscular consequences of ACL injury and reconstruction. Specifically, changes in somatosensation, muscle activation, muscle strength, atrophy, balance, biomechanics, and patient-oriented outcomes are discussed. Understanding neuromuscular consequences aids in the construction of optimized rehabilitation strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-404
Number of pages22
JournalClinics in Sports Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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