Neurostructural brain imaging study of trait dissociation in healthy children

Amy S. Badura Brack, Marika Marklin, Christine M. Embury, Giorgia Picci, Michaela Frenzel, Alicia Klanecky Earl, Julia Stephen, Yu Ping Wang, Vince Calhoun, Tony W. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Trait dissociation has not been examined from a structural human brain mapping perspective in healthy adults or children. Non-pathological dissociation shares some features with daydreaming and mind-wandering, but also involves subtle disruptions in affect and autobiographical memory. Aims To identify neurostructural biomarkers of trait dissociation in healthy children. Method Typically developing 9- to 15-year-olds (n = 180) without psychological or behavioural disorders were enrolled in the Developmental Chronnecto-Genomics (DevCoG) study of healthy brain development and completed psychological assessments of trauma exposure and dissociation, along with a structural T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. We conducted univariate ANCOVA generalised linear models for each region of the default mode network examining the effects of trait dissociation, including scanner site, age, gender and trauma as covariates and correcting for multiple comparison. Results We found that the precuneus was significantly larger in children with higher levels of trait dissociation but this was not related to trauma exposure. The inferior parietal volume was smaller in children with higher levels of trauma but was not related to dissociation. No other regions of interest, including frontal and limbic structures, were significantly related to trait dissociation even before multiple comparison correction. Conclusions Trait dissociation reflects subtle cognitive disruptions worthy of study in healthy people and warrants study as a potential risk factor for psychopathology. This neurostructural study of trait dissociation in healthy children identified the precuneus as an essential brain region to consider in future dissociation research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere172
JournalBJPsych Open
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 23 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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