New treatment options in COPD.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To review the role of long-acting bronchodilators in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including the importance of treatment adherence. SUMMARY: Overall, clinical trials show that compared with placebo and ipratropium, tiotropium significantly improves spirometric measures, increases quality-of-life scores, and is associated with fewer exacerbations. In addition, compared with salmeterol, tiotropium is associated with greater improvements in spirometric measures and clinically meaningful increases in quality-of-life measures. In comparison with either fluticasone or salmeterol alone, the fluticasone/salmeterol combination is associated with statistically greater improvement in spirometric and dyspnea measures; however, the combination is not associated with fewer exacerbations than either fluticasone or salmeterol used by itself. CONCLUSIONS: The 2003 update to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines recommends regular treatment with long-acting bronchodilators for maintenance COPD therapy because of superior effectiveness and convenience compared with short-acting bronchodilators. The results from trials presented in this article demonstrate that inhaled tiotropium is effective in treating COPD and might be considered as a first-line agent for maintenance therapy in view of its outcomes data. The convenience of once-daily administration would probably contribute to patient adherence and thus to the overall efficacy of this agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S12-19; quiz S20-22
JournalJournal of managed care pharmacy : JMCP
Issue number6 Suppl A
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Health Policy


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