Operative management and outcome of 302 abdominal vascular injuries

Juan A. Asensio, Santiago Chahwan, David Hanpeter, Demetrios Demetriades, Walter Forno, Esteban Gambaro, James Murray, George Velmahos, Jason Marengo, William C. Shoemaker, Thomas V. Berne

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160 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Abdominal vascular injuries incur high mortality rates. The purposes of this study are (1) review institutional experience, (2) determine additive effect on mortality of multiple vessel injuries, (3) determine mortality of combined arterial and venous injuries, and (4) correlate mortality with American Association for the Surgery of Trauma-Organ Injury Scale (AAST-OIS) for abdominal vascular injury. METHODS: A retrospective 6-year study was made at an urban level I trauma center of patients with abdominal vascular injuries. Main outcome measure was survival. RESULTS: (1) There was a total of 302 patients, mean age 28, mean Injury Severity Score (ISS) 25 (range 4 to 75). Mechanism of injury was penetrating in 266 (88%), blunt in 36 (12%). Emergency Department thoracotomy was done in 43 of 302 (14%), 504 vessels were injured: arteries 238(47%), veins 266(53%). Surgical management was ligation 245, primary repair 141, prosthetic interposition grafts 24, autogenous 2. Overall mortality was 162 of 302 (54%). (2) Mortality multiple vessels injured: 1 vessel 160 (45%), 2 vessels 102 (60%), 3 vessels 33 (73%), >4 vessels 5 (100%). Mortality arterial injuries: aorta isolated (I) 78% versus combined with other arterial injuries (C) 82.4%, superior mesenteric artery (SMA) I 47.6% versus C 71.4%, iliac I 53% versus C 72.7%, renal I 37.5% versus C 66.7%. Venous injuries: inferior vena cava (IVC) isolated (I) 70% versus combined with other venous injuries (C) 77.7%, superior mesenteric vein (SMV) I 52.7% versus C 65%, IMV I 16% versus C 50%. (3) Specific mortality combined arterial and venous injuries: aorta plus IVC 93%, SMA plus SMV 43%, iliac artery plus vein 45.5%. (4) Mortality versus AAST-OIS: grade II 25%, grade III 32%, grade IV 65%, grade V 88%. CONCLUSIONS: Abdominal vascular injuries are highly lethal. Multiple arterial and venous injuries increase mortality. Mortality correlates with AAST-OIS for abdominal vascular injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-534
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume180
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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Asensio, J. A., Chahwan, S., Hanpeter, D., Demetriades, D., Forno, W., Gambaro, E., Murray, J., Velmahos, G., Marengo, J., Shoemaker, W. C., & Berne, T. V. (2000). Operative management and outcome of 302 abdominal vascular injuries. American Journal of Surgery, 180(6), 528-534. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9610(00)00519-5