Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) is a quantitative 3-dimensional (3D) scanning procedure used to assess trabecular architecture. In the 3-yr oral iBandronate Osteoporosis vertebral fracture trial in North America and Europe (BONE) study, it was found that oral ibandronate administered daily (2.5 mg) or intermittently (20 mg) significantly reduced vertebral fracture risk by 62% (p = 0.0001) and 50% (p = 0.0006), respectively, vs placebo. Two-dimensional histomorphometric analysis of BONE study biopsies indicated that newly formed bone was of normal quality. In the current analysis, micro-CT was used to assess 3D trabecular microarchitecture. Rod and plate distribution was quantified by differential analysis of the triangulated bone surface. Biopsies were obtained from 110 patients, with 84 evaluable by micro-CT. Median structural model index (SMI; a lower SMI indicates an increased ratio of plates to rods and thus, improved trabecular microarchitecture) was 1.001 with ibandronate vs 1.365 with placebo (90% confidence interval [CI] for difference in medians: -0.626, -0.033), and connectivity density was higher in ibandronate-treated patients (median: 3.904 vs 3.112/mm3, 90% CI for difference in medians: 0.159, 1.517). This indicates that trabecular microarchitecture was better preserved in patients receiving ibandronate than placebo. Taken together with previous results from BONE, these findings indicate that ibandronate treatment preserves bone strength by maintaining good quality trabecular microarchitecture in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging