Oral ofloxacin for the treatment of acute bacterial pneumonia: Use of a nontraditional protocol to compare experimental therapy with "usual care" in a multicenter clinical trial

W. Eugene Sanders, James F. Morris, Paul Alessi, Alex T. Makris, Richard V. McCloskey, Gordon M. Trenholme, Paul Iannini, Marvin J. Bittner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

purpose: This multicenter study was designed to compare an exclusively oral regimen with "usual care" in patients hospitalized with acute bacterial pneumonia. patients and methods: One hundred fortyseven patients were enrolled. All patients presented with a clinical picture consistent with pneumonia: (1) clinical symptoms of a lower respiratory tract infection, such as chest pain, cough, and production of purulent sputum; (2) roentgenographic infiltrate compatible with acute infection; and (3) Gram's stain of purulent sputum or other appropriate bronchopulmonary specimen containing gram-negative organisms, staphylococci, or pneumococci. All patients required hospitalization. The design was a parallel-group, open-label study with randomization in blocks of four. Ofloxacin, a new fluoroquinolone antimicrobial agent, was administered orally or by nasogastric tube, 400 mg every 12 hours. This was compared with the individual investigator's best selection of therapy that was administered parenterally, at least initially. results: One hundred thirty-three patients were evaluable after exclusions for deviation from protocol, early death due to unrelated causes, incorrect diagnosis, or early adverse drug reactions. All 69 patients treated with ofloxacin and 61 of 64 control patients had favorable clinical and microbiologic responses. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in terms of demographics, therapeutic outcome, and duration of therapy. There were few side effects overall and rates were similar for the two groups. conclusions: An exclusively oral regimen, in this case ofloxacin, may be substituted for parenteral therapy in selected patients with pneumonia. This might significantly reduce costs and risks to the patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalThe American Journal of Medicine
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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