Oxygen sensitivity of PDT determined from time-dependent electrode measurements in spheroids

Thomas H. Foster, Michael G. Nichols

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously reported on a microelectrode technique for mapping spatial and temporal distributions of oxygen in and around individual photosensitized multicell tumor spheroids. Steady-state and time-resolved measurements have been analyzed using diffusion theory ad have yielded estimates of the oxygen diffusion coefficient in the spheroid, the rate of metabolic oxygen consumption, and the fluence-rate-dependent rate of photochemical oxygen depletion. We have recently modified the theoretical treatment of the time-resolved measurements to include the oxygen dependence of the rate of therapy-induced oxygen consumption. The oxygen consumption term in the diffusion equation is now derived from kinetics of type II photochemistry. This expression contains the ration of two rate constants' the photosensitizer triplet decay rate (k p) and the bimolecular rate for collisional triplet-quenching interactions with oxygen (k ot). From fits of numerical solutions of the diffusion equation to microelectrode measurements of PDT-induced oxygen transients, k p/k ot, may be obtained for a photosensitizer in a multicell environment. The ration plays an important role in direct cell photosensitization by defining the concentration at which singlet oxygen formation is limited by the availability of oxygen. In a multicell environment where oxygen supply is diffusional, extremely low values of k p/k ot exacerbate the oxygen depletion problem. Recent experiments and analysis indicate that in some cases photosensitizer bleaching rates may also be determined from microelectrode measurements in spheroids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsThomas J. Dougherty
Pages141-151
Number of pages11
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995
Externally publishedYes
EventOptical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy IV - San Jose, CA, USA
Duration: Feb 4 1995Feb 5 1995

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume2392
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherOptical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy IV
CitySan Jose, CA, USA
Period2/4/952/5/95

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Foster, T. H., & Nichols, M. G. (1995). Oxygen sensitivity of PDT determined from time-dependent electrode measurements in spheroids. In T. J. Dougherty (Ed.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (pp. 141-151). (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 2392).