Percutaneous absorption, biophysical, and macroscopic barrier properties of porcine skin exposed to major components of JP-8 jet fuel

Somnath Singh, Jagdish Singh

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

JP-8 has been associated with toxicity in animal models and humans. There is a great potential for human exposure to JP-8. Quantitation of percutaneous absorption of JP-8 is necessary for assessment of health hazards involved in its occupational exposure. In this study, we selected three aliphatic (dodecane, tridecane, and tetradecane) and two aromatic (naphthalene and 2-methylnaphthalene) chemicals, which are major components of JP-8. We investigated the changes in skin lipid and protein biophysics, and macroscopic barrier perturbation from dermal exposure of the above five chemicals. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was employed to investigate the biophysical changes in stratum corneum (SC) lipid and protein. FTIR results showed that all of the above five components of JP-8 significantly (P2 body surface area exposed for 8 h. Our findings suggest that tridecane exhibits greater permeability through skin among aliphatic and naphthalene among aromatic JP-8 components. Amount of chemicals absorbed suggests that tridecane, naphthalene and its methyl derivatives should be monitored for their possible systemic toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-85
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Volume14
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2003

Fingerprint

Skin Absorption
Skin
Swine
Toxicity
Biophysics
Lipids
Health hazards
Body Surface Area
Fourier Analysis
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Occupational Exposure
Cornea
Permeability
Fourier transforms
Animals
Proteins
Animal Models
Infrared radiation
Derivatives
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Percutaneous absorption, biophysical, and macroscopic barrier properties of porcine skin exposed to major components of JP-8 jet fuel",
abstract = "JP-8 has been associated with toxicity in animal models and humans. There is a great potential for human exposure to JP-8. Quantitation of percutaneous absorption of JP-8 is necessary for assessment of health hazards involved in its occupational exposure. In this study, we selected three aliphatic (dodecane, tridecane, and tetradecane) and two aromatic (naphthalene and 2-methylnaphthalene) chemicals, which are major components of JP-8. We investigated the changes in skin lipid and protein biophysics, and macroscopic barrier perturbation from dermal exposure of the above five chemicals. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was employed to investigate the biophysical changes in stratum corneum (SC) lipid and protein. FTIR results showed that all of the above five components of JP-8 significantly (P2 body surface area exposed for 8 h. Our findings suggest that tridecane exhibits greater permeability through skin among aliphatic and naphthalene among aromatic JP-8 components. Amount of chemicals absorbed suggests that tridecane, naphthalene and its methyl derivatives should be monitored for their possible systemic toxicity.",
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AU - Singh, Jagdish

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N2 - JP-8 has been associated with toxicity in animal models and humans. There is a great potential for human exposure to JP-8. Quantitation of percutaneous absorption of JP-8 is necessary for assessment of health hazards involved in its occupational exposure. In this study, we selected three aliphatic (dodecane, tridecane, and tetradecane) and two aromatic (naphthalene and 2-methylnaphthalene) chemicals, which are major components of JP-8. We investigated the changes in skin lipid and protein biophysics, and macroscopic barrier perturbation from dermal exposure of the above five chemicals. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was employed to investigate the biophysical changes in stratum corneum (SC) lipid and protein. FTIR results showed that all of the above five components of JP-8 significantly (P2 body surface area exposed for 8 h. Our findings suggest that tridecane exhibits greater permeability through skin among aliphatic and naphthalene among aromatic JP-8 components. Amount of chemicals absorbed suggests that tridecane, naphthalene and its methyl derivatives should be monitored for their possible systemic toxicity.

AB - JP-8 has been associated with toxicity in animal models and humans. There is a great potential for human exposure to JP-8. Quantitation of percutaneous absorption of JP-8 is necessary for assessment of health hazards involved in its occupational exposure. In this study, we selected three aliphatic (dodecane, tridecane, and tetradecane) and two aromatic (naphthalene and 2-methylnaphthalene) chemicals, which are major components of JP-8. We investigated the changes in skin lipid and protein biophysics, and macroscopic barrier perturbation from dermal exposure of the above five chemicals. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was employed to investigate the biophysical changes in stratum corneum (SC) lipid and protein. FTIR results showed that all of the above five components of JP-8 significantly (P2 body surface area exposed for 8 h. Our findings suggest that tridecane exhibits greater permeability through skin among aliphatic and naphthalene among aromatic JP-8 components. Amount of chemicals absorbed suggests that tridecane, naphthalene and its methyl derivatives should be monitored for their possible systemic toxicity.

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