Background: Previous studies have reported that persons with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) have diminished posterior tilt of the pelvis during functional tasks. It is not known how this movement impairment impacts pelvifemoral coordination during weightbearing and non-weightbearing movements. Methods: Fifteen persons with a diagnosis of FAIS and 15 matched controls performed a deep squat (weightbearing) and a maximum height stepping task (non-weightbearing). Peak hip flexion, posterior pelvis tilt excursion, and the ratio of sagittal plane pelvis to femur motion during the period of pelvis posterior tilt were calculated for each task. Two factor ANOVAs were used to evaluate differences between groups and tasks. Findings: With regards to peak hip flexion, there were no significant group differences for either task. When averaged across tasks, the FAIS group exhibited significantly less posterior tilt excursion (12.1° (SD 9.1°) vs 20.6° (SD 9.3°)) and smaller pelvifemoral ratios (0.24 (SD 0.14) vs 0.39 (SD 0.16)) compared to the control group. Interpretation: Persons with FAIS exhibit altered pelvifemoral coordination regardless of weightbearing status. This finding suggests that decreased hip and/or lumbopelvic mobility may contribute to altered movement patterns at the hip.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine