Inhibitory regulation of dopamine neurons is mediated by dopamine autoreceptor and γ-aminobutyric acidB receptor opening of potassium channels. Increased potassium conductance by either receptor is G protein dependent. To evaluate the role of G proteins in vivo, pertussis toxin (PTX) was microinjected into the A10 dopamine region and changes in dopamine metabolism and synthesis measured. PTX produced an elevation in dopamine metabolism and synthesis in the A10 region and nucleus accumbens for up to 4 days after injection. By day 7 the levels of the dopamine precursor and metabolites had returned to normal. A less consistent increase was also measured in the A9 dopamine region and the prefrontal cortex. Although dopamine synthesis and metabolism had returned to normal by day 7, the in vitro ADP-ribosylation of G proteins in the A10 region by PTX remained depressed by approximately 50% from day 1 to day 14 after administration, returning to normal by day 30. The data suggest that in vivo ribosylation of G proteins may lead to a short-term attenuation of the tonic inhibitory control of dopamine neurons, which can be compensated for by PTX-insensitive mechanisms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|State||Published - Mar 1992|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience