Phosphoinositide 3-kinase γ (PI3Kγ) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma, but its mechanism has been considered indirect, through release of inflammatory cell mediators. Because airway smooth muscle (ASM) contractile hyper-responsiveness plays a critical role in asthma, the aim of the present study was to determine whether PI3Kγ can directly regulate contractility of ASM. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated expression of PI3Kγ protein in ASM cells of mouse trachea and lung, which was confirmed by Western blot analysis in isolated mouse tracheal ASM cells. PI3Kγ inhibitor II inhibited acetylcholine (ACh)-stimulated airway contraction of cultured precision-cut mouse lung slices in a dose-dependent manner with 75% inhibition at 10 μM. In contrast, inhibitors of PI3Kα, PI3Kβ, or PI3Kδ, at concentrations 40-fold higher than their reported IC 50 values for their primary targets, had no effect. It is noteworthy that airways in lung slices pretreated with PI3Kγ inhibitor II still exhibited an ACh-induced initial contraction, but the sustained contraction was significantly reduced. Furthermore, the PI3Kγ-selective inhibitor had a small inhibitory effect on the ACh-stimulated initial Ca2+ transient in ASM cells of mouse lung slices or isolated mouse ASM cells but significantly attenuated the sustained Ca2+ oscillations that are critical for sustained airway contraction. This report is the first to show that PI3Kγ directly controls contractility of airways through regulation of Ca2+ oscillations in ASM cells. Thus, in addition to effects on airway inflammation, PI3Kγ inhibitors may also exert direct effects on the airway contraction that contribute to pathologic airway hyper-responsiveness.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Sep 2010|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine