Physical therapist curricula for the 1990s: Educating the reflective practitioner

K. F. Shepard, G. M. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


This article discusses why many current physical therapy entry-level programs may not be designed to educate the type of physical therapy practitioner needed for the 1990s. We suggest a framework for analyzing curriculum content to determine how the curriculum is influencing student outcomes. This framework includes three reference points of analysis, as suggested by Eisner's model of implicit, explicit, and null curricula. We also describe a new kind of physical therapy practitioner, the 'reflective practitioner' (Schon's model), and suggest how various curricular components can support the development of this type of practitioner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)566-577
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical therapy
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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