Polarization of Λ (Λ ̄) Hyperons along the Beam Direction in Au+Au Collisions at sNN =200 GeV

(STAR Collaboration)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Λ (Λ̄) hyperon polarization along the beam direction has been measured in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV, for the first time in heavy-ion collisions. The polarization dependence on the hyperons' emission angle relative to the elliptic flow plane exhibits a second harmonic sine modulation, indicating a quadrupole pattern of the vorticity component along the beam direction, expected due to elliptic flow. The polarization is found to increase in more peripheral collisions, and shows no strong transverse momentum (pT) dependence at pT greater than 1 GeV/c. The magnitude of the signal is about 5 times smaller than those predicted by hydrodynamic and multiphase transport models; the observed phase of the emission angle dependence is also opposite to these model predictions. In contrast, the kinematic vorticity calculations in the blast-wave model tuned to reproduce particle spectra, elliptic flow, and the azimuthal dependence of the Gaussian source radii measured with the Hanbury Brown-Twiss intensity interferometry technique reproduce well the modulation phase measured in the data and capture the centrality and transverse momentum dependence of the polarization signal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number132301
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume123
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 27 2019

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hyperons
collisions
polarization
transverse momentum
vorticity
blasts
phase modulation
ionic collisions
interferometry
kinematics
quadrupoles
hydrodynamics
momentum
harmonics
modulation
radii
predictions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Polarization of Λ (Λ ̄) Hyperons along the Beam Direction in Au+Au Collisions at sNN =200 GeV. / (STAR Collaboration).

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 123, No. 13, 132301, 27.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Polarization of Λ (Λ ̄) Hyperons along the Beam Direction in Au+Au Collisions at sNN =200 GeV",
abstract = "The Λ (Λ̄) hyperon polarization along the beam direction has been measured in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV, for the first time in heavy-ion collisions. The polarization dependence on the hyperons' emission angle relative to the elliptic flow plane exhibits a second harmonic sine modulation, indicating a quadrupole pattern of the vorticity component along the beam direction, expected due to elliptic flow. The polarization is found to increase in more peripheral collisions, and shows no strong transverse momentum (pT) dependence at pT greater than 1 GeV/c. The magnitude of the signal is about 5 times smaller than those predicted by hydrodynamic and multiphase transport models; the observed phase of the emission angle dependence is also opposite to these model predictions. In contrast, the kinematic vorticity calculations in the blast-wave model tuned to reproduce particle spectra, elliptic flow, and the azimuthal dependence of the Gaussian source radii measured with the Hanbury Brown-Twiss intensity interferometry technique reproduce well the modulation phase measured in the data and capture the centrality and transverse momentum dependence of the polarization signal.",
author = "{(STAR Collaboration)} and J. Adam and L. Adamczyk and Adams, {J. R.} and Adkins, {J. K.} and G. Agakishiev and Aggarwal, {M. M.} and Z. Ahammed and I. Alekseev and Anderson, {D. M.} and R. Aoyama and A. Aparin and D. Arkhipkin and Aschenauer, {E. C.} and Ashraf, {M. U.} and F. Atetalla and A. Attri and Averichev, {G. S.} and V. Bairathi and K. Barish and Bassill, {A. J.} and A. Behera and R. Bellwied and A. Bhasin and Bhati, {A. K.} and J. Bielcik and J. Bielcikova and Bland, {L. C.} and Bordyuzhin, {I. G.} and Brandenburg, {J. D.} and Brandin, {A. V.} and J. Bryslawskyj and I. Bunzarov and J. Butterworth and H. Caines and {Calder{\'o}n De La Barca S{\'a}nchez}, M. and D. Cebra and I. Chakaberia and P. Chaloupka and Chan, {B. K.} and Chang, {F. H.} and Z. Chang and N. Chankova-Bunzarova and A. Chatterjee and S. Chattopadhyay and Chen, {J. H.} and X. Chen and J. Cheng and M. Cherney and W. Christie and J. Seger",
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AU - Adam, J.

AU - Adamczyk, L.

AU - Adams, J. R.

AU - Adkins, J. K.

AU - Agakishiev, G.

AU - Aggarwal, M. M.

AU - Ahammed, Z.

AU - Alekseev, I.

AU - Anderson, D. M.

AU - Aoyama, R.

AU - Aparin, A.

AU - Arkhipkin, D.

AU - Aschenauer, E. C.

AU - Ashraf, M. U.

AU - Atetalla, F.

AU - Attri, A.

AU - Averichev, G. S.

AU - Bairathi, V.

AU - Barish, K.

AU - Bassill, A. J.

AU - Behera, A.

AU - Bellwied, R.

AU - Bhasin, A.

AU - Bhati, A. K.

AU - Bielcik, J.

AU - Bielcikova, J.

AU - Bland, L. C.

AU - Bordyuzhin, I. G.

AU - Brandenburg, J. D.

AU - Brandin, A. V.

AU - Bryslawskyj, J.

AU - Bunzarov, I.

AU - Butterworth, J.

AU - Caines, H.

AU - Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, M.

AU - Cebra, D.

AU - Chakaberia, I.

AU - Chaloupka, P.

AU - Chan, B. K.

AU - Chang, F. H.

AU - Chang, Z.

AU - Chankova-Bunzarova, N.

AU - Chatterjee, A.

AU - Chattopadhyay, S.

AU - Chen, J. H.

AU - Chen, X.

AU - Cheng, J.

AU - Cherney, M.

AU - Christie, W.

AU - Seger, J.

PY - 2019/9/27

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N2 - The Λ (Λ̄) hyperon polarization along the beam direction has been measured in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV, for the first time in heavy-ion collisions. The polarization dependence on the hyperons' emission angle relative to the elliptic flow plane exhibits a second harmonic sine modulation, indicating a quadrupole pattern of the vorticity component along the beam direction, expected due to elliptic flow. The polarization is found to increase in more peripheral collisions, and shows no strong transverse momentum (pT) dependence at pT greater than 1 GeV/c. The magnitude of the signal is about 5 times smaller than those predicted by hydrodynamic and multiphase transport models; the observed phase of the emission angle dependence is also opposite to these model predictions. In contrast, the kinematic vorticity calculations in the blast-wave model tuned to reproduce particle spectra, elliptic flow, and the azimuthal dependence of the Gaussian source radii measured with the Hanbury Brown-Twiss intensity interferometry technique reproduce well the modulation phase measured in the data and capture the centrality and transverse momentum dependence of the polarization signal.

AB - The Λ (Λ̄) hyperon polarization along the beam direction has been measured in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV, for the first time in heavy-ion collisions. The polarization dependence on the hyperons' emission angle relative to the elliptic flow plane exhibits a second harmonic sine modulation, indicating a quadrupole pattern of the vorticity component along the beam direction, expected due to elliptic flow. The polarization is found to increase in more peripheral collisions, and shows no strong transverse momentum (pT) dependence at pT greater than 1 GeV/c. The magnitude of the signal is about 5 times smaller than those predicted by hydrodynamic and multiphase transport models; the observed phase of the emission angle dependence is also opposite to these model predictions. In contrast, the kinematic vorticity calculations in the blast-wave model tuned to reproduce particle spectra, elliptic flow, and the azimuthal dependence of the Gaussian source radii measured with the Hanbury Brown-Twiss intensity interferometry technique reproduce well the modulation phase measured in the data and capture the centrality and transverse momentum dependence of the polarization signal.

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