Precision measurement of the mass difference between light nuclei and anti-nuclei

ALICE Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The measurement of the mass differences for systems bound by the strong force has reached a very high precision with protons and anti-protons. The extension of such measurement from (anti-)baryons to (anti-)nuclei allows one to probe any difference in the interactions between nucleons and anti-nucleons encoded in the (anti-)nuclei masses. This force is a remnant of the underlying strong interaction among quarks and gluons and can be described by effective theories, but cannot yet be directly derived from quantum chromodynamics. Here we report a measurement of the difference between the ratios of the mass and charge of deuterons (d) and anti-deuterons (), and 3 He and nuclei carried out with the ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) detector in Pb-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 2.76 €‰TeV. Our direct measurement of the mass-over-charge differences confirms CPT invariance to an unprecedented precision in the sector of light nuclei. This fundamental symmetry of nature, which exchanges particles with anti-particles, implies that all physics laws are the same under the simultaneous reversal of charge(s) (charge conjugation C), reflection of spatial coordinates (parity transformation P) and time inversion (T).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-814
Number of pages4
JournalNature Physics
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Fingerprint

nuclei
nucleons
deuterons
protons
gluons
conjugation
center of mass
invariance
baryons
parity
sectors
quantum chromodynamics
quarks
inversions
physics
collisions
probes
detectors
symmetry
ions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Precision measurement of the mass difference between light nuclei and anti-nuclei. / ALICE Collaboration.

In: Nature Physics, Vol. 11, No. 10, 01.10.2015, p. 811-814.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ALICE Collaboration. / Precision measurement of the mass difference between light nuclei and anti-nuclei. In: Nature Physics. 2015 ; Vol. 11, No. 10. pp. 811-814.
@article{b5f93e8ccf554e67a43add96a0db1e26,
title = "Precision measurement of the mass difference between light nuclei and anti-nuclei",
abstract = "The measurement of the mass differences for systems bound by the strong force has reached a very high precision with protons and anti-protons. The extension of such measurement from (anti-)baryons to (anti-)nuclei allows one to probe any difference in the interactions between nucleons and anti-nucleons encoded in the (anti-)nuclei masses. This force is a remnant of the underlying strong interaction among quarks and gluons and can be described by effective theories, but cannot yet be directly derived from quantum chromodynamics. Here we report a measurement of the difference between the ratios of the mass and charge of deuterons (d) and anti-deuterons (), and 3 He and nuclei carried out with the ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) detector in Pb-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 2.76 €‰TeV. Our direct measurement of the mass-over-charge differences confirms CPT invariance to an unprecedented precision in the sector of light nuclei. This fundamental symmetry of nature, which exchanges particles with anti-particles, implies that all physics laws are the same under the simultaneous reversal of charge(s) (charge conjugation C), reflection of spatial coordinates (parity transformation P) and time inversion (T).",
author = "{ALICE Collaboration} and J. Adam and D. Adamov{\'a} and Aggarwal, {M. M.} and {Aglieri Rinella}, G. and M. Agnello and N. Agrawal and Z. Ahammed and I. Ahmed and Ahn, {S. U.} and I. Aimo and S. Aiola and M. Ajaz and A. Akindinov and Alam, {S. N.} and D. Aleksandrov and B. Alessandro and D. Alexandre and {Alfaro Molina}, R. and A. Alici and A. Alkin and J. Alme and T. Alt and S. Altinpinar and I. Altsybeev and {Alves Garcia Prado}, C. and C. Andrei and A. Andronic and V. Anguelov and J. Anielski and T. Anticic and F. Antinori and P. Antonioli and L. Aphecetche and H. Appelsh{\"a}user and S. Arcelli and N. Armesto and R. Arnaldi and T. Aronsson and Arsene, {I. C.} and M. Arslandok and A. Augustinus and R. Averbeck and Azmi, {M. D.} and M. Bach and A. Badal{\`a} and Baek, {Y. W.} and S. Bagnasco and R. Bailhache and Cherney, {Michael G.} and Seger, {Janet E.}",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/nphys3432",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "811--814",
journal = "Nature Physics",
issn = "1745-2473",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Precision measurement of the mass difference between light nuclei and anti-nuclei

AU - ALICE Collaboration

AU - Adam, J.

AU - Adamová, D.

AU - Aggarwal, M. M.

AU - Aglieri Rinella, G.

AU - Agnello, M.

AU - Agrawal, N.

AU - Ahammed, Z.

AU - Ahmed, I.

AU - Ahn, S. U.

AU - Aimo, I.

AU - Aiola, S.

AU - Ajaz, M.

AU - Akindinov, A.

AU - Alam, S. N.

AU - Aleksandrov, D.

AU - Alessandro, B.

AU - Alexandre, D.

AU - Alfaro Molina, R.

AU - Alici, A.

AU - Alkin, A.

AU - Alme, J.

AU - Alt, T.

AU - Altinpinar, S.

AU - Altsybeev, I.

AU - Alves Garcia Prado, C.

AU - Andrei, C.

AU - Andronic, A.

AU - Anguelov, V.

AU - Anielski, J.

AU - Anticic, T.

AU - Antinori, F.

AU - Antonioli, P.

AU - Aphecetche, L.

AU - Appelshäuser, H.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Armesto, N.

AU - Arnaldi, R.

AU - Aronsson, T.

AU - Arsene, I. C.

AU - Arslandok, M.

AU - Augustinus, A.

AU - Averbeck, R.

AU - Azmi, M. D.

AU - Bach, M.

AU - Badalà, A.

AU - Baek, Y. W.

AU - Bagnasco, S.

AU - Bailhache, R.

AU - Cherney, Michael G.

AU - Seger, Janet E.

PY - 2015/10/1

Y1 - 2015/10/1

N2 - The measurement of the mass differences for systems bound by the strong force has reached a very high precision with protons and anti-protons. The extension of such measurement from (anti-)baryons to (anti-)nuclei allows one to probe any difference in the interactions between nucleons and anti-nucleons encoded in the (anti-)nuclei masses. This force is a remnant of the underlying strong interaction among quarks and gluons and can be described by effective theories, but cannot yet be directly derived from quantum chromodynamics. Here we report a measurement of the difference between the ratios of the mass and charge of deuterons (d) and anti-deuterons (), and 3 He and nuclei carried out with the ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) detector in Pb-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 2.76 €‰TeV. Our direct measurement of the mass-over-charge differences confirms CPT invariance to an unprecedented precision in the sector of light nuclei. This fundamental symmetry of nature, which exchanges particles with anti-particles, implies that all physics laws are the same under the simultaneous reversal of charge(s) (charge conjugation C), reflection of spatial coordinates (parity transformation P) and time inversion (T).

AB - The measurement of the mass differences for systems bound by the strong force has reached a very high precision with protons and anti-protons. The extension of such measurement from (anti-)baryons to (anti-)nuclei allows one to probe any difference in the interactions between nucleons and anti-nucleons encoded in the (anti-)nuclei masses. This force is a remnant of the underlying strong interaction among quarks and gluons and can be described by effective theories, but cannot yet be directly derived from quantum chromodynamics. Here we report a measurement of the difference between the ratios of the mass and charge of deuterons (d) and anti-deuterons (), and 3 He and nuclei carried out with the ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) detector in Pb-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 2.76 €‰TeV. Our direct measurement of the mass-over-charge differences confirms CPT invariance to an unprecedented precision in the sector of light nuclei. This fundamental symmetry of nature, which exchanges particles with anti-particles, implies that all physics laws are the same under the simultaneous reversal of charge(s) (charge conjugation C), reflection of spatial coordinates (parity transformation P) and time inversion (T).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84943198109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84943198109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nphys3432

DO - 10.1038/nphys3432

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84943198109

VL - 11

SP - 811

EP - 814

JO - Nature Physics

JF - Nature Physics

SN - 1745-2473

IS - 10

ER -