Prediction of Falls in Acute Care Using The Morse Fall Risk Scale

Vanessa D. Jewell, Katherine Capistran, Kathleen Flecky, Yongyue Qi, Sarah Fellman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The high number of patient falls occurring within acute care hospitals throughout the United States has led to increased patient impairment and contributed to rising healthcare costs. The Morse Fall Risk Scale is a commonly used assessment tool for prediction of a patient’s potential for experiencing a fall while in a healthcare facility. This retrospective study reviewed the use of the Morse Fall Risk Scale in a 300+ bed acute care hospital setting to determine adequacy for patient fall predictions over a four-month period. Use of multivariate regressions and Chi-Square test statistics revealed the Morse Fall Risk Scale was a predictor of patients’ fall risk in this setting with other significant predictors of fall risk potential including male gender and diagnosis (neurologic, cardiac, general medical/surgical conditions). Patients experiencing a fall had a statistically significant longer hospital stay. Occupational therapy practitioners play an important role on the interdisciplinary team by providing a comprehensive fall assessment, developing fall prevention programs, and providing discharge recommendations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-319
Number of pages13
JournalOccupational Therapy in Health Care
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Occupational Therapy

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