Predictive factors for age at menopause in Caucasian females

Volodymyr Dvornyk, Ji Rong Long, Peng Yuan Liu, Lan Juan Zhao, Hui Shen, Robert R. Recker, Hong Wen Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Early onset of menopause results in the premature exposure to low estrogen levels and is associated with a number of postmenopausal health problems and higher risk of mortality. The aim of this study was to determine genetic and environmental factors associated with age at natural and surgical menopause. Methods: Multiple regression analysis using a sample of Caucasians composed of 154 females with surgical and 248 with natural menopause. Results: Breastfeeding is a significant predictor of earlier natural menopause (P <0.05). Use of oral contraceptives and smoking were not significantly associated with age at menopause. Females who did not have history of pregnancies are at significantly higher risk (P <0.001) of getting early surgical menopause than those who did. We also tested the association of seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the estrogen receptor α (ER-α) gene with age at menopause. No association was observed with age at menopause but the PvuII p allele was overrepresented in women with surgical menopause and associated with menopause per se (P = 0.029; OR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.1-3.0). Conclusions: Breastfeeding and alcohol consumption are significantly associated with earlier natural menopause. No significant effects of the ER-α genotypes were observed on the age of menopause. Given the important role of the ER-α in estrogen signaling, which directly influences the menopausal process, further studies are required to better define the relationship between this gene and age at menopause.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-26
Number of pages8
JournalMaturitas
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2006

Fingerprint

Age Factors
Menopause
Estrogen Receptors
Estrogens
Genes
Medical problems
Oral Contraceptives
Polymorphism
Regression analysis
Nucleotides
Alcohols
Breast Feeding
Reproductive History
Alcohol Drinking
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Smoking
Alleles
Genotype

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aging
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Dvornyk, V., Long, J. R., Liu, P. Y., Zhao, L. J., Shen, H., Recker, R. R., & Deng, H. W. (2006). Predictive factors for age at menopause in Caucasian females. Maturitas, 54(1), 19-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2005.08.005

Predictive factors for age at menopause in Caucasian females. / Dvornyk, Volodymyr; Long, Ji Rong; Liu, Peng Yuan; Zhao, Lan Juan; Shen, Hui; Recker, Robert R.; Deng, Hong Wen.

In: Maturitas, Vol. 54, No. 1, 20.04.2006, p. 19-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dvornyk, V, Long, JR, Liu, PY, Zhao, LJ, Shen, H, Recker, RR & Deng, HW 2006, 'Predictive factors for age at menopause in Caucasian females', Maturitas, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 19-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2005.08.005
Dvornyk, Volodymyr ; Long, Ji Rong ; Liu, Peng Yuan ; Zhao, Lan Juan ; Shen, Hui ; Recker, Robert R. ; Deng, Hong Wen. / Predictive factors for age at menopause in Caucasian females. In: Maturitas. 2006 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 19-26.
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