Pressure-Controlled Treadmill Training in Chronic Stroke

A Case Study with AlterG

Cherise Lathan, Andrew Myler, Jennifer Bagwell, Christopher M. Powers, Beth E. Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Body-weight-supported treadmill training has been shown to be an effective intervention to improve walking characteristics for individuals who have experienced a stroke. A pressure-controlled treadmill utilizes a sealed chamber in which air pressure can be altered in a controlled manner to counteract the effects of gravity. The focus of this case study was to assess the immediate and short-term impact of a pressure-controlled treadmill to improve gait parameters, reduce fall risk, improve participation, and reduce the self-perceived negative impact of stroke in an individual with chronic stroke. Case Description: The subject was an 81-year-old man (14.5 months poststroke). He had slow walking speed, poor endurance, and multiple gait deviations. Intervention: The subject trained 4 times per week for 4 weeks (40 minutes per session) on a pressure-controlled treadmill (AlterG M320) to counter the influence of gravity on the lower extremities. Outcomes: Following training, self-selected gait speed increased from 0.50 m/s to 0.96 m/s, as measured by the 10-meter walk test. Stride length increased from 0.58 m to 0.95 m after training and to 1.00 m at 1-month follow-up. Peak hip flexion increased from 3.7° to 24.6° after training and to 19.4° at 1-month follow-up. Peak knee flexion increased from 19.4° to 34.3° after training and to 42.7° at 1-month follow-up. Measures of endurance, fall risk, and percentage of perceived recovery also were found to improve posttraining. Discussion: Training with a pressure-controlled treadmill may be a viable alternative to traditional body-weight-supported treadmill training for persons poststroke. Additional studies with larger sample sizes are needed to elucidate the role of pressure-controlled treadmill training in this population. Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A97).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-133
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurologic Physical Therapy
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Stroke
Pressure
Gravitation
Gait
Body Weight
Air Pressure
Sample Size
Walking
Hip
Lower Extremity
Knee
Population
Walking Speed

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Pressure-Controlled Treadmill Training in Chronic Stroke : A Case Study with AlterG. / Lathan, Cherise; Myler, Andrew; Bagwell, Jennifer; Powers, Christopher M.; Fisher, Beth E.

In: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, Vol. 39, No. 2, 01.04.2015, p. 127-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lathan, Cherise ; Myler, Andrew ; Bagwell, Jennifer ; Powers, Christopher M. ; Fisher, Beth E. / Pressure-Controlled Treadmill Training in Chronic Stroke : A Case Study with AlterG. In: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy. 2015 ; Vol. 39, No. 2. pp. 127-133.
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