Prevalence and Impact of Pharmacy Students as Patient Care Extenders in Medically Underserved Community Pharmacies

Nicole White, Kimberly Galt, John E. Ridgway, Maryann Z. Skrabal, Rhonda Jones, Claire C. Willman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and describe the patient care impact of student pharmacists completing community pharmacy rotations in medically underserved areas (MUAs) in Nebraska. Methods: A list of pharmacy student advanced pharmacy practice experience placements over a 3-year period were obtained from 2 pharmacy schools in Nebraska and then mapped in relation to MUAs in the state. A mixed-methods approach was used to compare and relate findings of a student-logged patient care activity database and semistructured interviews with pharmacy preceptors of participating students. Results: Pharmacy students were placed in 21 (13%) of 159 identified pharmacies located in MUAs. Pharmacy preceptors felt students improved the quality of patient care provided as a result of more uninterrupted time with the patient. Preceptors also indicated that student presence assists both the student and the practicing pharmacist engage in more patient care services. Conclusion: There exists a significant opportunity to utilize advanced pharmacy practice students to extend patient care services and address health-care needs in underserved communities, but student placement in MUAs should be optimized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-471
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmacy Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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