Background: We recently completed a parent study (Bone Loading Exercises versus Risedronate on Bone Health in Post-menopausal Women [NIH# R01NR015029]) examining bone-loading exercises to prevent bone loss in postmenopausal women with low bone mass. Forty-three million US women have low bone mass and increased risk for fractures. Bone-loading exercises (weight-bearing and resistance training) can preserve bone mass and decrease risk of fractures. However, multiple barriers prevent women from exercising and adherence rates are low. Purpose: This secondary analysis of the parent study (a) examined barriers specific to women participating in boneloading exercises; (b) described effectiveness of self-efficacy strategies used in the parent study for increasing confidence in knowledge and reducing barriers; and (c) applied study findings and principles of self-efficacy and selfregulation in development of guidelines for promoting adherence to exercises. Methods: Seventy-two women were randomized to the exercise group and completed 12 months of exercises. Instruments for self-efficacy were completed at 2 weeks and barriers interference at 6 months. Percent adherence was measured as the number of exercise sessions attended divided by the number prescribed. Results: In the 12-month study, average adherence to exercises was 58.9%. Lower adherers reported lack of selfregulation skills such as "lack of time" as the most frequent barriers to exercise. Implications for practice: Guidelines developed included promotion of skills for self-regulation (such as regulation of time) as well as self-efficacy to improve adherence rates. Nurse practitioners may be the most motivated of all providers to use guidelines promoting exercise for women in their clinical practice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners|
|State||Published - Jan 4 2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes