Prospective trial for the treatment of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and often rapidly fatal disease with median survival of 5 to 12 months for untreated cases and 16 months reported after multimodality treatment. We report a prospective clinical treatment study using cytoreductive surgery combined with intraoperative intraperitoneal heated chemotherapy (IPHC) perfusion using mitomycin C for MPM. Twelve patients (11 male with a mean age 51 years) were treated. Seven patients presented with bulky disease and seven with ascites. All underwent exploratory laparotomy with histologically confirmed diagnosis of MPM. Surgical debulking as feasible was performed. Complete gross tumor removal was possible in only one patient. Cytoreduction was followed by a 2-hour closed low-volume IPHC using mitomycin C. One patient died 50 days postoperatively from complications relating to small bowel perforation. Hematologic toxicity of the procedure was minimal. Ascites was controlled in all patients and permanently in 86 per cent of patients presenting with ascites. To date median survival is 34.2 months with median follow-up of 45.2 months. One patient was re-explored for ventral hernia 2 years post-IPHC, had negative peritoneal biopsies, and remains disease-free at 5 years. Given the dismal prognosis associated with MPM the results of treatment with cytoreductive surgery combined with IPHC perfusion are encouraging. The rarity of MPM makes appropriately powered prospective randomized trials unlikely. Therefore, we now offer this approach off protocol; however, further study of this combined modality therapy is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1003
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume67
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ascites
Drug Therapy
Mitomycin
Therapeutics
Perfusion
Ventral Hernia
Combined Modality Therapy
Survival
Malignant Mesothelioma
Laparotomy
Biopsy
Neoplasms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

Prospective trial for the treatment of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. / Loggie, Brian W.

In: American Surgeon, Vol. 67, No. 10, 2001, p. 999-1003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3158b391c1334019b1d5ccda987ef29d,
title = "Prospective trial for the treatment of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma",
abstract = "Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and often rapidly fatal disease with median survival of 5 to 12 months for untreated cases and 16 months reported after multimodality treatment. We report a prospective clinical treatment study using cytoreductive surgery combined with intraoperative intraperitoneal heated chemotherapy (IPHC) perfusion using mitomycin C for MPM. Twelve patients (11 male with a mean age 51 years) were treated. Seven patients presented with bulky disease and seven with ascites. All underwent exploratory laparotomy with histologically confirmed diagnosis of MPM. Surgical debulking as feasible was performed. Complete gross tumor removal was possible in only one patient. Cytoreduction was followed by a 2-hour closed low-volume IPHC using mitomycin C. One patient died 50 days postoperatively from complications relating to small bowel perforation. Hematologic toxicity of the procedure was minimal. Ascites was controlled in all patients and permanently in 86 per cent of patients presenting with ascites. To date median survival is 34.2 months with median follow-up of 45.2 months. One patient was re-explored for ventral hernia 2 years post-IPHC, had negative peritoneal biopsies, and remains disease-free at 5 years. Given the dismal prognosis associated with MPM the results of treatment with cytoreductive surgery combined with IPHC perfusion are encouraging. The rarity of MPM makes appropriately powered prospective randomized trials unlikely. Therefore, we now offer this approach off protocol; however, further study of this combined modality therapy is warranted.",
author = "Loggie, {Brian W.}",
year = "2001",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "999--1003",
journal = "American Surgeon",
issn = "0003-1348",
publisher = "Southeastern Surgical Congress",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prospective trial for the treatment of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma

AU - Loggie, Brian W.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and often rapidly fatal disease with median survival of 5 to 12 months for untreated cases and 16 months reported after multimodality treatment. We report a prospective clinical treatment study using cytoreductive surgery combined with intraoperative intraperitoneal heated chemotherapy (IPHC) perfusion using mitomycin C for MPM. Twelve patients (11 male with a mean age 51 years) were treated. Seven patients presented with bulky disease and seven with ascites. All underwent exploratory laparotomy with histologically confirmed diagnosis of MPM. Surgical debulking as feasible was performed. Complete gross tumor removal was possible in only one patient. Cytoreduction was followed by a 2-hour closed low-volume IPHC using mitomycin C. One patient died 50 days postoperatively from complications relating to small bowel perforation. Hematologic toxicity of the procedure was minimal. Ascites was controlled in all patients and permanently in 86 per cent of patients presenting with ascites. To date median survival is 34.2 months with median follow-up of 45.2 months. One patient was re-explored for ventral hernia 2 years post-IPHC, had negative peritoneal biopsies, and remains disease-free at 5 years. Given the dismal prognosis associated with MPM the results of treatment with cytoreductive surgery combined with IPHC perfusion are encouraging. The rarity of MPM makes appropriately powered prospective randomized trials unlikely. Therefore, we now offer this approach off protocol; however, further study of this combined modality therapy is warranted.

AB - Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and often rapidly fatal disease with median survival of 5 to 12 months for untreated cases and 16 months reported after multimodality treatment. We report a prospective clinical treatment study using cytoreductive surgery combined with intraoperative intraperitoneal heated chemotherapy (IPHC) perfusion using mitomycin C for MPM. Twelve patients (11 male with a mean age 51 years) were treated. Seven patients presented with bulky disease and seven with ascites. All underwent exploratory laparotomy with histologically confirmed diagnosis of MPM. Surgical debulking as feasible was performed. Complete gross tumor removal was possible in only one patient. Cytoreduction was followed by a 2-hour closed low-volume IPHC using mitomycin C. One patient died 50 days postoperatively from complications relating to small bowel perforation. Hematologic toxicity of the procedure was minimal. Ascites was controlled in all patients and permanently in 86 per cent of patients presenting with ascites. To date median survival is 34.2 months with median follow-up of 45.2 months. One patient was re-explored for ventral hernia 2 years post-IPHC, had negative peritoneal biopsies, and remains disease-free at 5 years. Given the dismal prognosis associated with MPM the results of treatment with cytoreductive surgery combined with IPHC perfusion are encouraging. The rarity of MPM makes appropriately powered prospective randomized trials unlikely. Therefore, we now offer this approach off protocol; however, further study of this combined modality therapy is warranted.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035489804&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035489804&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 999

EP - 1003

JO - American Surgeon

JF - American Surgeon

SN - 0003-1348

IS - 10

ER -