Protein-pacing from food or supplementation improves physical performance in overweight men and women

The PRISE 2 study

Paul J. Arciero, Rohan Edmonds, Kanokwan Bunsawat, Christopher L. Gentile, Caitlin Ketcham, Christopher Darin, Mariale Renna, Qian Zheng, Jun Zhu Zhang, Michael J. Ormsbee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We recently reported that protein-pacing (P; six meals/day @ 1.4 g/kg body weight (BW), three of which included whey protein (WP) supplementation) combined with a multi-mode fitness program consisting of resistance, interval sprint, stretching, and endurance exercise training (RISE) improves body composition in overweight individuals. The purpose of this study was to extend these findings and determine whether protein-pacing with only food protein (FP) is comparable to WP supplementation during RISE training on physical performance outcomes in overweight/obese individuals. Thirty weight-matched volunteers were prescribed RISE training and a P diet derived from either whey protein supplementation (WP, n = 15) or food protein sources (FP, n = 15) for 16 weeks. Twenty-one participants completed the intervention (WP, n = 9; FP, n = 12). Measures of body composition and physical performance were significantly improved in both groups (p < 0.05), with no effect of protein source. Likewise, markers of cardiometabolic disease risk (e.g., LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, glucose, insulin, adiponectin, systolic blood pressure) were significantly improved (p < 0.05) to a similar extent in both groups. These results demonstrate that both whey protein and food protein sources combined with multimodal RISE training are equally effective at improving physical performance and cardiometabolic health in obese individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number288
JournalNutrients
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dietary Supplements
whey protein
protein sources
protein supplements
Proteins
Food
proteins
body composition
Body Composition
adiponectin
systolic blood pressure
Blood Pressure
low density lipoprotein cholesterol
volunteers
Adiponectin
exercise
insulin
LDL Cholesterol
Meals
Whey Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Protein-pacing from food or supplementation improves physical performance in overweight men and women : The PRISE 2 study. / Arciero, Paul J.; Edmonds, Rohan; Bunsawat, Kanokwan; Gentile, Christopher L.; Ketcham, Caitlin; Darin, Christopher; Renna, Mariale; Zheng, Qian; Zhang, Jun Zhu; Ormsbee, Michael J.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 8, No. 5, 288, 11.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arciero, PJ, Edmonds, R, Bunsawat, K, Gentile, CL, Ketcham, C, Darin, C, Renna, M, Zheng, Q, Zhang, JZ & Ormsbee, MJ 2016, 'Protein-pacing from food or supplementation improves physical performance in overweight men and women: The PRISE 2 study', Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 5, 288. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8050288
Arciero, Paul J. ; Edmonds, Rohan ; Bunsawat, Kanokwan ; Gentile, Christopher L. ; Ketcham, Caitlin ; Darin, Christopher ; Renna, Mariale ; Zheng, Qian ; Zhang, Jun Zhu ; Ormsbee, Michael J. / Protein-pacing from food or supplementation improves physical performance in overweight men and women : The PRISE 2 study. In: Nutrients. 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 5.
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