Four structurally related peptides (pseudins 1-4) with antimicrobial activity were isolated from an extract of the skin of the paradoxical frog Pseudis paradoxa (Pseudidae). Pseudin-2 (GLNALKKVFQGIHEAIKLINNHVQ) was the most abundant peptide (22 nmol/g tissue) and also the most potent (minimum inhibitory concentrations, MIC = 2.5 μM against Escherichia coli, 80 μM against Staphylococcus aureus, and 130 μM against Candida albicans). The concentration of pseudin-2 producing 50% hemolysis of human erythrocytes was >300 μM. Circular dichroism studies showed that the pseudins belong to the class of cationic, amphipathic α-helical antimicrobial peptides but their amino acid sequences are not similar to any previously characterized peptides from frog skin. The pseudins do, however, show sequence similarity with a region at the C-terminus of DEFT, a death effector domain-containing protein expressed in mammalian testicular germ cells that is involved in the regulation of apoptosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 9 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology