Multiple genome-wide scans in different populations have linked the chromosome 12q24 region, known as NIDDM2 (non-insulin-dependent-diabetes, locus 2), to type 2 diabetes. Within NIDDM2 we examined the PSMD9 (proteasome modulator 9/Bridge-1) gene that encodes a PDZ-domain transcriptional coactivator of insulin production. Our goal was to identify a potential contribution of the PSMD9 gene to type 2 diabetes in Italians. We directly sequenced the entire gene PSMD9 in Italian type 2 diabetes patients (n = 237) and controls subjects (n = 215) and performed an association study with the identified gene variants. We found five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), A17V, IVS1+nt29, IVS3+nt460, IVS3+nt437, and E197G, which are not associated with disease in our case-control study. Furthermore, we identified two PSMD9 gene variants in type 2 diabetes patients, which produced nonconservative amino acid substitutions S143G and N166S within the PDZ domain and two other gene variants. Three out of four of these variants are absent from the control subjects screened. We propose that the three PSMD9 gene variants (S143G, N166S and G > A at IVS3+nt102), absent in control subjects, contribute rarely to late-onset type 2 diabetes in Italians. In fact, the frequency rate of such variants in unrelated cases equals 0.016. We may not exclude that PSMD9 gene variants may contribute, either commonly or rarely, to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in other populations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology