Psychological momentum: Intuitive physics and naive beliefs

Keith D. Markman, Corey L. Guenther

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present research examines psychological momentum (PM), a perceived force that lay intuition suggests influences performance. PM theory is proposed to account for how momentum perceptions arise, and four studies demonstrate the influence of lay intuitions about PM on expectations regarding performance outcomes. Study 1 establishes that individuals share intuitions about the types of events that precipitate PM, and Study 2 finds that defeating a rival increases momentum perceptions. Study 3 provides evidence for the lay belief that as more PM accumulates during a prior task, there should be more residual momentum left to carry over to a subsequent task, and Study 4 finds that an individual whose PM is interrupted is expected to have greater difficulty completing a task than is an individual whose steady progress is interrupted. Discussion focuses on linkages between PM and related constructs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)800-812
Number of pages13
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Physics
Psychology
Intuition
Psychological Theory
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Psychological momentum : Intuitive physics and naive beliefs. / Markman, Keith D.; Guenther, Corey L.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 33, No. 6, 06.2007, p. 800-812.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{95b0b5ec39994f8dabedb03ef10f5469,
title = "Psychological momentum: Intuitive physics and naive beliefs",
abstract = "The present research examines psychological momentum (PM), a perceived force that lay intuition suggests influences performance. PM theory is proposed to account for how momentum perceptions arise, and four studies demonstrate the influence of lay intuitions about PM on expectations regarding performance outcomes. Study 1 establishes that individuals share intuitions about the types of events that precipitate PM, and Study 2 finds that defeating a rival increases momentum perceptions. Study 3 provides evidence for the lay belief that as more PM accumulates during a prior task, there should be more residual momentum left to carry over to a subsequent task, and Study 4 finds that an individual whose PM is interrupted is expected to have greater difficulty completing a task than is an individual whose steady progress is interrupted. Discussion focuses on linkages between PM and related constructs.",
author = "Markman, {Keith D.} and Guenther, {Corey L.}",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1177/0146167207301026",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "800--812",
journal = "Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin",
issn = "0146-1672",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychological momentum

T2 - Intuitive physics and naive beliefs

AU - Markman, Keith D.

AU - Guenther, Corey L.

PY - 2007/6

Y1 - 2007/6

N2 - The present research examines psychological momentum (PM), a perceived force that lay intuition suggests influences performance. PM theory is proposed to account for how momentum perceptions arise, and four studies demonstrate the influence of lay intuitions about PM on expectations regarding performance outcomes. Study 1 establishes that individuals share intuitions about the types of events that precipitate PM, and Study 2 finds that defeating a rival increases momentum perceptions. Study 3 provides evidence for the lay belief that as more PM accumulates during a prior task, there should be more residual momentum left to carry over to a subsequent task, and Study 4 finds that an individual whose PM is interrupted is expected to have greater difficulty completing a task than is an individual whose steady progress is interrupted. Discussion focuses on linkages between PM and related constructs.

AB - The present research examines psychological momentum (PM), a perceived force that lay intuition suggests influences performance. PM theory is proposed to account for how momentum perceptions arise, and four studies demonstrate the influence of lay intuitions about PM on expectations regarding performance outcomes. Study 1 establishes that individuals share intuitions about the types of events that precipitate PM, and Study 2 finds that defeating a rival increases momentum perceptions. Study 3 provides evidence for the lay belief that as more PM accumulates during a prior task, there should be more residual momentum left to carry over to a subsequent task, and Study 4 finds that an individual whose PM is interrupted is expected to have greater difficulty completing a task than is an individual whose steady progress is interrupted. Discussion focuses on linkages between PM and related constructs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34249662207&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34249662207&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0146167207301026

DO - 10.1177/0146167207301026

M3 - Article

C2 - 17488872

AN - SCOPUS:34249662207

VL - 33

SP - 800

EP - 812

JO - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

JF - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

SN - 0146-1672

IS - 6

ER -