Purification and characterization of antimicrobial and vasorelaxant peptides from skin extracts and skin secretions of the North American pig frog Rana grylio

Joseph B. Kim, Thomas Halverson, Yousef J. Basir, Joseph Dulka, Floyd C. Knoop, Peter W. Abel, J. Michael Conlon

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Eight peptides with differential growth-inhibitory activity against the gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, the gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and the yeast, Candida albicans were isolated from an extract of the skin of the North American pig frog Rana grylio. The primary structures of these antimicrobial peptides were different from previously characterized antimicrobial peptides from Ranid frogs but on the basis of sequence similarities, the peptides may be classified as belonged to four previously characterized peptide families: the ranatuerin-1, ranatuerin-2 and ranalexin families, first identified in the North American bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, and the temporin family first identified in the European common frog Rana temporaria. Peptides belonging to the brevinin-1, brevinin-2, esculentin-1, and esculentin-2 families, previously isolated from the skins of other species of Ranid frogs, were not identified in the extracts. The ranatuerin-1 and ranalexin peptides showed broadest spectrum of antimicrobial activity whereas the temporins were active only against S. aureus. Synthetic replicates of temporin-1Gb (SILPTIVSFLSKFL.NH2) and temporin-1Gd (FILPLIASFLSKFL.NH2) produced concentration-dependent relaxation of preconstricted vascular rings from the rat thoracic aorta (EC50=2.4±0.1 μM for temporin-1Gb and 2.3±0.2 μM for temporin-1Gd). The antimicrobial peptides that were isolated in extracts of the skin R. grylio were present in the same molecular forms in electrically-stimulated skin secretions of the animal demonstrating that the peptides are stored in the granular glands of the skin in their fully processed forms. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-60
Number of pages8
JournalRegulatory Peptides
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Jun 30 2000


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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