Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a phospholipid mediator that plays multiple cellular functions by acting through G protein-coupled LPA receptors. LPAs are known to be key mediators in inflammation, and several lines of evidence suggest a role for LPAs in inflammatory periodontal diseases. A simple and sensitive liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated to quantify LPA species (LPA 18:0, LPA 16:0, LPA 18:1 and LPA 20:4) in human saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). LPA 17:0 was used as an internal standard and the LPA species were extracted from saliva by liquid-liquid extraction using butanol. Chromatography was performed using a Macherey-Nagel NUCLEODUR ® C8 Gravity Column (125mm×2.0mm ID) with a mixture of methanol/water: 75/25 (v/v) containing 0.5% formic acid and 5mM ammonium formate (mobile phase A) and methanol/water: 99/0.5 (v/v) containing 0.5% formic acid and 5mM ammonium formate (mobile phase B) at a flow rate of 0.5mL/min. LPAs were detected by a linear ion trap-triple quadrupole mass spectrometer with a total run time of 8.5min. The limit of quantification (LOQ) in saliva was 1ng/mL for all LPA species and the method was validated over the range of 1-200ng/mL. The method was validated in GCF over the ranges of 10-500ng/mL for LPA 18:0 and LPA 16:0, and 5-500ng/mL for LPA 18:1 and LPA 20:4. This sensitive LC-MS/MS assay was successfully applied to obtain quantitative data of individual LPA levels from control subjects and patients with various periodontal diseases. All four LPA species were consistently elevated in samples obtained from periodontal diseases, which supports a role of LPAs in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry