An extract of the whole brain of the frog Rana ridibunda contained high concentrations of substance P-like immunoreactivity, measured with an antiserum directed against the COOH-terminal region of mammalian substance P and neurokinin B-like immunoreactivity, measured with an antiserum directed against the NH2-terminus of neurokinin B. The primary structure of the substance P-related peptide (ranakinin) was established as: Lys-Pro-Asn-Pro-GluArg-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Leu-Met-NH2. Mammalian substance P was not present in the extract. The primary structure of the neurokinin B-related peptide was established as: Asp-Met-His-Asp-Phe-Phe-Val-Gly-Leu-Met-NH2. This amino acid sequence is the same as that of mammalian neurokinin B. Ranakinin was equipotent with substance P and [Sar9,-Met(O2)11]substance P in inhibiting the binding of 125I-Bolton-Hunter-[Sar9,Met(O2) 11]substance P, a selective radioligand for the NK1 receptor, to binding sites in rat submandibular gland membranes (IC50 1.6 ± 0.3 nM; n = 5). It is concluded that ranakinin is a preferred agonist for the mammalian NK1 tachykinin receptor subtype.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1991|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience