Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography in diagnosis of right ventricular pseudoaneurysm after pacemaker implantation

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Abstract

Right ventricular rupture is a critical cardiac complication associated with cardiac tamponade and death. Occasionally, the site of rupture may be contained by the parietal pericardium and thrombus, thus forming a pseudoaneurysm. Cases of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the right ventricle have been reported. However, right ventricular pseudoaneurysm following pacemaker implantation has not been previously reported. This case demonstrates two right ventricular pseudoaneurysms following perforation of the right ventricular wall using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) after pacemaker implantation although only one definite pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed by routine two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). We also found that color Doppler 3DE enhanced visualization of the connections between the right ventricle and the pseudoaneurysm. Color Doppler 3DE allowed us to peel away the myocardial tissue and rotate the image to study the jets from different angles. In summary, real-time 3DE and color Doppler 3DE provided excellent visualization of the right ventricular pseudoaneurysm, flow between the ventricle and the pseudoaneurysm, and additional information to that obtained by 2DE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-243
Number of pages4
JournalEchocardiography
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

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Three-Dimensional Echocardiography
False Aneurysm
Color
Heart Ventricles
Rupture
Cardiac Tamponade
Pericardium
Echocardiography
Thrombosis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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title = "Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography in diagnosis of right ventricular pseudoaneurysm after pacemaker implantation",
abstract = "Right ventricular rupture is a critical cardiac complication associated with cardiac tamponade and death. Occasionally, the site of rupture may be contained by the parietal pericardium and thrombus, thus forming a pseudoaneurysm. Cases of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the right ventricle have been reported. However, right ventricular pseudoaneurysm following pacemaker implantation has not been previously reported. This case demonstrates two right ventricular pseudoaneurysms following perforation of the right ventricular wall using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) after pacemaker implantation although only one definite pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed by routine two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). We also found that color Doppler 3DE enhanced visualization of the connections between the right ventricle and the pseudoaneurysm. Color Doppler 3DE allowed us to peel away the myocardial tissue and rotate the image to study the jets from different angles. In summary, real-time 3DE and color Doppler 3DE provided excellent visualization of the right ventricular pseudoaneurysm, flow between the ventricle and the pseudoaneurysm, and additional information to that obtained by 2DE.",
author = "Xuedong Shen and Holmberg, {Mark Jeffrey} and John Sype and Hunter, {Claire B.} and Mooss, {Aryan N.} and Mohiuddin, {Syed M.}",
year = "2006",
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language = "English",
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journal = "Echocardiography",
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T1 - Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography in diagnosis of right ventricular pseudoaneurysm after pacemaker implantation

AU - Shen, Xuedong

AU - Holmberg, Mark Jeffrey

AU - Sype, John

AU - Hunter, Claire B.

AU - Mooss, Aryan N.

AU - Mohiuddin, Syed M.

PY - 2006/3

Y1 - 2006/3

N2 - Right ventricular rupture is a critical cardiac complication associated with cardiac tamponade and death. Occasionally, the site of rupture may be contained by the parietal pericardium and thrombus, thus forming a pseudoaneurysm. Cases of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the right ventricle have been reported. However, right ventricular pseudoaneurysm following pacemaker implantation has not been previously reported. This case demonstrates two right ventricular pseudoaneurysms following perforation of the right ventricular wall using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) after pacemaker implantation although only one definite pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed by routine two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). We also found that color Doppler 3DE enhanced visualization of the connections between the right ventricle and the pseudoaneurysm. Color Doppler 3DE allowed us to peel away the myocardial tissue and rotate the image to study the jets from different angles. In summary, real-time 3DE and color Doppler 3DE provided excellent visualization of the right ventricular pseudoaneurysm, flow between the ventricle and the pseudoaneurysm, and additional information to that obtained by 2DE.

AB - Right ventricular rupture is a critical cardiac complication associated with cardiac tamponade and death. Occasionally, the site of rupture may be contained by the parietal pericardium and thrombus, thus forming a pseudoaneurysm. Cases of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the right ventricle have been reported. However, right ventricular pseudoaneurysm following pacemaker implantation has not been previously reported. This case demonstrates two right ventricular pseudoaneurysms following perforation of the right ventricular wall using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) after pacemaker implantation although only one definite pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed by routine two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). We also found that color Doppler 3DE enhanced visualization of the connections between the right ventricle and the pseudoaneurysm. Color Doppler 3DE allowed us to peel away the myocardial tissue and rotate the image to study the jets from different angles. In summary, real-time 3DE and color Doppler 3DE provided excellent visualization of the right ventricular pseudoaneurysm, flow between the ventricle and the pseudoaneurysm, and additional information to that obtained by 2DE.

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