Reflections on the Pharmacist-Patient Covenant

Amy M. Haddad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The first tenet of the Code of Ethics for Pharmacists of the American Pharmacists Association describes the relationship between the pharmacist and the patient as a covenant. The central argument of this commentary is that the symbolic language of covenant, the metaphor used to describe the pharmacist-patient relationship, should be formally acknowledged as an ideal theory or concept. However, before committing to this ideal, there should be resonance with the realities of pharmacy practice. This commentary argues that the intimate nature of a covenantal relationship is not a good fit with most contexts in which pharmacists practice. The disconnection between the ideal of the covenantal relationship and context is important because codes of ethics apply regardless of context. By acknowledging the ideal of a covenantal relationship, transitional structures could then be developed to move the pharmacy profession toward this ideal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number7
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Reflections on the Pharmacist-Patient Covenant'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this