We have evidence that 15-F 2-isoprostanes (15-F 2-IsoPs) regulate excitatory neurotransmitter release in ocular tissues. Although 5-F 2-IsoPs are abundantly produced in mammals, their pharmacological actions on neurotransmitter release remain unknown. In the present study, we compared the effect of the 5-F 2-IsoP epimer pair, 5-F 2t-IsoP (C5-OH in β-position) and 5-epi-5-F 2t-IsoP (C5-OH in α-position), on K +-evoked [ 3H]D-aspartate release in isolated bovine retina. We further examined the role of prostanoid receptors on the inhibitory action of 5-epi-5-F 2t-IsoP on [ 3H]D-aspartate overflow. Isolated bovine retina were prepared for studies of K +-evoked release of [ 3H]D-aspartate using the superfusion method. 5-epi-5-F 2t-IsoP (0.01 nM to 1 μM), attenuated K +-evoked [ 3H]D-aspartate release in a concentration-dependent manner, with the inhibitory effect of 26.9% (P <0.001; IC 25 = 0.2 μM) being achieved at 1 μM concentration. Its 5-(S)-OH-epimer, 5-F 2t-IsoP (0.1 nM-1 μM), exhibited an inhibitory biphasic action, yielding a maximal response of 35.7% (P <0.001) at 10 nM concentration of the drug (IC 25 value of 3 nM). Although the prostanoid-receptor antagonists, AH 6809 (10 μM; EP 1-3/DP) and BAY-u3405 (10 μM; DP/Tx) exhibited no effect on 5-epi-5-F 2t-IsoP (10 nM-1 μM)-mediated inhibition, SC-19220 (1 μM; EP 1) completely reversed 5-epi-5-F 2t-IsoP (0.1 μM and 1 μM)- induced attenuation of K +-evoked [ 3H]D-aspartate release. Similarly, both SC-51322 (10 μM; EP 1) and AH 23848 (1 μM; EP 4) reversed the inhibitory action elicited by 5-epi-5-F 2t-IsoP (0.1 μM) on the neurotransmitter release. We conclude that the 5-F 2-IsoP epimer pair, 5-F 2t-IsoP and 5-epi-5-F 2t-IsoP, attenuate K +-induced [ 3H]D-aspartate release in isolated bovine retina presumably via prostanoid receptor dependent mechanisms. The trans-orientation of the allylic hydroxyl group at position C5 accounts for the apparent biphasic response exhibited by 5-F 2t-IsoP on excitatory neurotransmitter release.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience