Relationship between acceptance of HIV/AIDS and functional outcomes assessed in a primary care setting

Thomas Guck, Mark D. Goodman, Courtney J. Dobleman, Helen O. Fasanya, Mary B. Tadros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acceptance, a third wave cognitive-behavioral concept originally developed for chronic pain patients, was applied to acceptance of chronic illness in an HIV/AIDS population. This study examined the internal reliability of two scales of the chronic illness acceptance questionnaire (CIAQ) called activities engagement (AE), and illness willingness (IW), their relationships with functional outcomes, and their ability to predict functional outcomes after controlling for demographic and medical variables. Sixty-nine HIV-positive persons served as subjects while attending a routine visit at an urban Midwestern US Family Medicine clinic. Mean scores for the AE, IW, and total scales of the CIAQ were slightly higher than pretreatment, but slightly lower than post-treatment scores originally reported for chronic pain patients. Internal reliability values for AE, IW, and total scales of the CIAQ were excellent and consistent with those found in chronic pain acceptance studies. In addition, the AE and IW scales were significantly related to the criterion dimensions of depression, mental functioning, and physical functioning. In multiple regression analyses, it was found that only AE was a significant predictor of the three functional outcome measures beyond demographic and medical variables. In contrast, IW was not predictive of any of the three functional outcome variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Fingerprint

Primary Health Care
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS
Chronic Disease
acceptance
HIV
Chronic Pain
illness
chronic illness
pain
Demography
Aptitude
questionnaire
Regression Analysis
Medicine
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Depression
medicine
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Relationship between acceptance of HIV/AIDS and functional outcomes assessed in a primary care setting. / Guck, Thomas; Goodman, Mark D.; Dobleman, Courtney J.; Fasanya, Helen O.; Tadros, Mary B.

In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 89-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Guck, Thomas ; Goodman, Mark D. ; Dobleman, Courtney J. ; Fasanya, Helen O. ; Tadros, Mary B. / Relationship between acceptance of HIV/AIDS and functional outcomes assessed in a primary care setting. In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. 2010 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 89-95.
@article{f5307a804c6342748e79c79ac0abeec3,
title = "Relationship between acceptance of HIV/AIDS and functional outcomes assessed in a primary care setting",
abstract = "Acceptance, a third wave cognitive-behavioral concept originally developed for chronic pain patients, was applied to acceptance of chronic illness in an HIV/AIDS population. This study examined the internal reliability of two scales of the chronic illness acceptance questionnaire (CIAQ) called activities engagement (AE), and illness willingness (IW), their relationships with functional outcomes, and their ability to predict functional outcomes after controlling for demographic and medical variables. Sixty-nine HIV-positive persons served as subjects while attending a routine visit at an urban Midwestern US Family Medicine clinic. Mean scores for the AE, IW, and total scales of the CIAQ were slightly higher than pretreatment, but slightly lower than post-treatment scores originally reported for chronic pain patients. Internal reliability values for AE, IW, and total scales of the CIAQ were excellent and consistent with those found in chronic pain acceptance studies. In addition, the AE and IW scales were significantly related to the criterion dimensions of depression, mental functioning, and physical functioning. In multiple regression analyses, it was found that only AE was a significant predictor of the three functional outcome measures beyond demographic and medical variables. In contrast, IW was not predictive of any of the three functional outcome variables.",
author = "Thomas Guck and Goodman, {Mark D.} and Dobleman, {Courtney J.} and Fasanya, {Helen O.} and Tadros, {Mary B.}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1080/09540120903012593",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "89--95",
journal = "AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV",
issn = "0954-0121",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between acceptance of HIV/AIDS and functional outcomes assessed in a primary care setting

AU - Guck, Thomas

AU - Goodman, Mark D.

AU - Dobleman, Courtney J.

AU - Fasanya, Helen O.

AU - Tadros, Mary B.

PY - 2010/1

Y1 - 2010/1

N2 - Acceptance, a third wave cognitive-behavioral concept originally developed for chronic pain patients, was applied to acceptance of chronic illness in an HIV/AIDS population. This study examined the internal reliability of two scales of the chronic illness acceptance questionnaire (CIAQ) called activities engagement (AE), and illness willingness (IW), their relationships with functional outcomes, and their ability to predict functional outcomes after controlling for demographic and medical variables. Sixty-nine HIV-positive persons served as subjects while attending a routine visit at an urban Midwestern US Family Medicine clinic. Mean scores for the AE, IW, and total scales of the CIAQ were slightly higher than pretreatment, but slightly lower than post-treatment scores originally reported for chronic pain patients. Internal reliability values for AE, IW, and total scales of the CIAQ were excellent and consistent with those found in chronic pain acceptance studies. In addition, the AE and IW scales were significantly related to the criterion dimensions of depression, mental functioning, and physical functioning. In multiple regression analyses, it was found that only AE was a significant predictor of the three functional outcome measures beyond demographic and medical variables. In contrast, IW was not predictive of any of the three functional outcome variables.

AB - Acceptance, a third wave cognitive-behavioral concept originally developed for chronic pain patients, was applied to acceptance of chronic illness in an HIV/AIDS population. This study examined the internal reliability of two scales of the chronic illness acceptance questionnaire (CIAQ) called activities engagement (AE), and illness willingness (IW), their relationships with functional outcomes, and their ability to predict functional outcomes after controlling for demographic and medical variables. Sixty-nine HIV-positive persons served as subjects while attending a routine visit at an urban Midwestern US Family Medicine clinic. Mean scores for the AE, IW, and total scales of the CIAQ were slightly higher than pretreatment, but slightly lower than post-treatment scores originally reported for chronic pain patients. Internal reliability values for AE, IW, and total scales of the CIAQ were excellent and consistent with those found in chronic pain acceptance studies. In addition, the AE and IW scales were significantly related to the criterion dimensions of depression, mental functioning, and physical functioning. In multiple regression analyses, it was found that only AE was a significant predictor of the three functional outcome measures beyond demographic and medical variables. In contrast, IW was not predictive of any of the three functional outcome variables.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77949581374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77949581374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09540120903012593

DO - 10.1080/09540120903012593

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 89

EP - 95

JO - AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV

JF - AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV

SN - 0954-0121

IS - 1

ER -