Relationship between left atrial tissue structural remodelling detected using late gadolinium enhancement MRI and left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with atrial fibrillation

Mehmet Akkaya, Koji Higuchi, Matthias Koopmann, Nathan Burgon, Ercan Erdogan, Kavitha Damal, Eugene Kholmovski, Chris McGann, Nassir F. Marrouche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

AimsTherapeutic effectiveness of ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is related to cardiovascular comorbidities. We studied the relationship between left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and left atrial tissue structural remodelling (LA-SRM), in patients presenting for AF ablation.Methods and resultsWe identified 404 AF patients who received a late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-MRI) prior to catheter ablation. Left ventricular hypertrophy was defined as LV mass index >116 g/m2 in men and >104 g/m2 in women. One hundred and twenty-two patients were classified as the LVH group and 282 as the non-LVH group. We stratified patients into four stages based on their degree of LA-SRM (minimal, <5% fibrosis; mild, >5-20%; moderate, >20-35%; and extensive, >35%). All patients underwent catheter ablation with pulmonary vein isolation and posterior wall and septal debulking. The procedural outcome was monitored over a 1-year follow-up period. The mean LA-SRM was significantly higher in patients with LVH (19.4 ± 13.2%) than in non-LVH patients (15.3 ± 9.8%; P< 0.01). Patients with LVH generally had extensive LA-SRM (moderate and extensive stages; 38.5% of LVH group) as compared with non-LVH patients (23.1% of non-LVH group; P < 0.01). A Cox regression analysis showed that patients with LVH also had significantly higher AF recurrence rates than non-LVH patients (43.2 vs. 28%; P = 0.008) during the 1-year follow-up period post-ablation.ConclusionPatients with LVH tend to have a significantly greater degree of LA-SRM, when compared with patients without LVH. Moreover, LA-SRM is a predictor for procedural success in patients undergoing AF ablation procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1725-1732
Number of pages8
JournalEuropace
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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