AimsTherapeutic effectiveness of ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is related to cardiovascular comorbidities. We studied the relationship between left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and left atrial tissue structural remodelling (LA-SRM), in patients presenting for AF ablation.Methods and resultsWe identified 404 AF patients who received a late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-MRI) prior to catheter ablation. Left ventricular hypertrophy was defined as LV mass index >116 g/m2 in men and >104 g/m2 in women. One hundred and twenty-two patients were classified as the LVH group and 282 as the non-LVH group. We stratified patients into four stages based on their degree of LA-SRM (minimal, <5% fibrosis; mild, >5-20%; moderate, >20-35%; and extensive, >35%). All patients underwent catheter ablation with pulmonary vein isolation and posterior wall and septal debulking. The procedural outcome was monitored over a 1-year follow-up period. The mean LA-SRM was significantly higher in patients with LVH (19.4 ± 13.2%) than in non-LVH patients (15.3 ± 9.8%; P< 0.01). Patients with LVH generally had extensive LA-SRM (moderate and extensive stages; 38.5% of LVH group) as compared with non-LVH patients (23.1% of non-LVH group; P < 0.01). A Cox regression analysis showed that patients with LVH also had significantly higher AF recurrence rates than non-LVH patients (43.2 vs. 28%; P = 0.008) during the 1-year follow-up period post-ablation.ConclusionPatients with LVH tend to have a significantly greater degree of LA-SRM, when compared with patients without LVH. Moreover, LA-SRM is a predictor for procedural success in patients undergoing AF ablation procedure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)