Objective To establish the test-retest reliability of linear and nonlinear measures, including intra- and intersession reliability, when used to analyze the center of pressure (COP) time series during the development of infant sitting postural control in infants with or at risk for cerebral palsy (CP). Design Longitudinal study. Setting University hospital laboratory. Participants Infants with or at risk for CP (N=18; mean age ± SD at entry into the study, 13.7±3.6mo). Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures Infant sitting COP data were recorded for 3 trials at each session (2 sessions for each month within 1 week) for 4 consecutive months. The linear COP parameters of the root mean square, the range of sway for both the anterior-posterior and the medial-lateral directions, and the sway path were calculated. In addition, the nonlinear parameters of approximate entropy, Lyapunov exponent (LyE), and the correlation dimension for both directions were also calculated. Intra- and intersession reliability was computed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results Regarding nonlinear measures, LyE showed high intra- and intersession ICC values in comparison with all other parameters evaluated. Intrasession and intersession reliability increased overall in the last 2 months of data collection and as sitting posture improved. Conclusions Our results suggested that the methodology presented is a reliable way of examining the development of sitting postural control in infants with or at risk for CP, and the reliability results generally parallel values found in sitting postural behavior in typical infants. Therefore, this methodology may be helpful in examining efficacy of therapy protocols directed at advancing sitting postural control in infants with motor developmental delays.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation