Even today, most renal vascular injuries result in loss of renal function. Kidney salvage is not possible because of late diagnosis and the presence of severe associated injuries. Physical exam and basic laboratory tests are not sensitive, thus, a high index of suspicion is required. Repair should be attempted for all solitary kidneys and for patients sustaining bilateral injuries. All viable kidneys should be revascularized in order to increase the chances of obtaining adequate functional renal tissue. In the event that revascularization is not feasible, nephrectomy can be performed at a later time, if hypertension develops. In some cases, delayed return of function is possible, but in most cases the kidney will atrophy without producing hypertension. Most importantly, maintaining a high index of suspicion, prompt diagnostic evaluation, and judicious treatment can optimize outcome lowering the significant morbidity and mortality of renal vascular injuries.
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