Reoperative Intervention in Patients with Mesh at the Hiatus is Associated with High Incidence of Esophageal Resection-A Single-Center Experience

Kalyana C. Nandipati, Maria Bye, Se Ryung Yamamoto, Pradeep Pallati, Tommy Lee, Sumeet K. Mittal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Mesh hiatoplasty is a widely debated topic among foregut surgeons. While short-term outcomes tout decreased recurrence rates, an increase in mesh-related complications has been reported. The aim of this study is to present a single-center experience with reoperative intervention in patients with previous mesh at the hiatus. Methods: After institutional review board approval, a prospectively maintained database was retrospectively queried to identify patients who underwent reoperative intervention between 2003 and spring of 2013 and had mesh placed at a previous hiatal hernia procedure. Patient charts were reviewed and data variables collected. Results: Twenty-six patients (mean age of 56.7 ± 18.3; 19 females) who underwent 27 procedures met the inclusion criteria. Synthetic mesh was placed in 15 (56 %) procedures, while the remaining 12 had biologic mesh. The mean interval between reoperative intervention and previous surgery was 33 months. Dysphagia (56 %) was the most common presentation, while three patients had mesh erosion. Recurrent hiatus hernia (2 to 7 cm) was noted in 19 (70 %) patients. Eight patients (30 %) underwent redo fundoplication, six patients (22 %) were converted to Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy, two patients (7.4 %) underwent distal esophagectomy with esophagojejunostomy, five patients (19 %) had subtotal esophagectomy with gastric pull-up, and one patient underwent substernal gastric pull-up for esophageal bypass with interval esophagectomy. The mean operative time was 252 ± 71.7 min, and the median blood loss was 150 ml (range, 50-1,650 ml). There was no postoperative mortality. Conclusion: Reoperative intervention in patients with mesh at the hiatus is associated with a high need for esophageal resection. More than two thirds of the patients also had a recurrent hiatal hernia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2039-2044
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume17
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

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Incidence
Hiatal Hernia
Esophagectomy
Stomach
Fundoplication
Gastric Bypass
Research Ethics Committees
Operative Time
Deglutition Disorders
Databases
Recurrence
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Reoperative Intervention in Patients with Mesh at the Hiatus is Associated with High Incidence of Esophageal Resection-A Single-Center Experience. / Nandipati, Kalyana C.; Bye, Maria; Yamamoto, Se Ryung; Pallati, Pradeep; Lee, Tommy; Mittal, Sumeet K.

In: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Vol. 17, No. 12, 12.2013, p. 2039-2044.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Nandipati, Kalyana C. ; Bye, Maria ; Yamamoto, Se Ryung ; Pallati, Pradeep ; Lee, Tommy ; Mittal, Sumeet K. / Reoperative Intervention in Patients with Mesh at the Hiatus is Associated with High Incidence of Esophageal Resection-A Single-Center Experience. In: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. 2013 ; Vol. 17, No. 12. pp. 2039-2044.
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title = "Reoperative Intervention in Patients with Mesh at the Hiatus is Associated with High Incidence of Esophageal Resection-A Single-Center Experience",
abstract = "Background: Mesh hiatoplasty is a widely debated topic among foregut surgeons. While short-term outcomes tout decreased recurrence rates, an increase in mesh-related complications has been reported. The aim of this study is to present a single-center experience with reoperative intervention in patients with previous mesh at the hiatus. Methods: After institutional review board approval, a prospectively maintained database was retrospectively queried to identify patients who underwent reoperative intervention between 2003 and spring of 2013 and had mesh placed at a previous hiatal hernia procedure. Patient charts were reviewed and data variables collected. Results: Twenty-six patients (mean age of 56.7 ± 18.3; 19 females) who underwent 27 procedures met the inclusion criteria. Synthetic mesh was placed in 15 (56 {\%}) procedures, while the remaining 12 had biologic mesh. The mean interval between reoperative intervention and previous surgery was 33 months. Dysphagia (56 {\%}) was the most common presentation, while three patients had mesh erosion. Recurrent hiatus hernia (2 to 7 cm) was noted in 19 (70 {\%}) patients. Eight patients (30 {\%}) underwent redo fundoplication, six patients (22 {\%}) were converted to Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy, two patients (7.4 {\%}) underwent distal esophagectomy with esophagojejunostomy, five patients (19 {\%}) had subtotal esophagectomy with gastric pull-up, and one patient underwent substernal gastric pull-up for esophageal bypass with interval esophagectomy. The mean operative time was 252 ± 71.7 min, and the median blood loss was 150 ml (range, 50-1,650 ml). There was no postoperative mortality. Conclusion: Reoperative intervention in patients with mesh at the hiatus is associated with a high need for esophageal resection. More than two thirds of the patients also had a recurrent hiatal hernia.",
author = "Nandipati, {Kalyana C.} and Maria Bye and Yamamoto, {Se Ryung} and Pradeep Pallati and Tommy Lee and Mittal, {Sumeet K.}",
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T1 - Reoperative Intervention in Patients with Mesh at the Hiatus is Associated with High Incidence of Esophageal Resection-A Single-Center Experience

AU - Nandipati, Kalyana C.

AU - Bye, Maria

AU - Yamamoto, Se Ryung

AU - Pallati, Pradeep

AU - Lee, Tommy

AU - Mittal, Sumeet K.

PY - 2013/12

Y1 - 2013/12

N2 - Background: Mesh hiatoplasty is a widely debated topic among foregut surgeons. While short-term outcomes tout decreased recurrence rates, an increase in mesh-related complications has been reported. The aim of this study is to present a single-center experience with reoperative intervention in patients with previous mesh at the hiatus. Methods: After institutional review board approval, a prospectively maintained database was retrospectively queried to identify patients who underwent reoperative intervention between 2003 and spring of 2013 and had mesh placed at a previous hiatal hernia procedure. Patient charts were reviewed and data variables collected. Results: Twenty-six patients (mean age of 56.7 ± 18.3; 19 females) who underwent 27 procedures met the inclusion criteria. Synthetic mesh was placed in 15 (56 %) procedures, while the remaining 12 had biologic mesh. The mean interval between reoperative intervention and previous surgery was 33 months. Dysphagia (56 %) was the most common presentation, while three patients had mesh erosion. Recurrent hiatus hernia (2 to 7 cm) was noted in 19 (70 %) patients. Eight patients (30 %) underwent redo fundoplication, six patients (22 %) were converted to Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy, two patients (7.4 %) underwent distal esophagectomy with esophagojejunostomy, five patients (19 %) had subtotal esophagectomy with gastric pull-up, and one patient underwent substernal gastric pull-up for esophageal bypass with interval esophagectomy. The mean operative time was 252 ± 71.7 min, and the median blood loss was 150 ml (range, 50-1,650 ml). There was no postoperative mortality. Conclusion: Reoperative intervention in patients with mesh at the hiatus is associated with a high need for esophageal resection. More than two thirds of the patients also had a recurrent hiatal hernia.

AB - Background: Mesh hiatoplasty is a widely debated topic among foregut surgeons. While short-term outcomes tout decreased recurrence rates, an increase in mesh-related complications has been reported. The aim of this study is to present a single-center experience with reoperative intervention in patients with previous mesh at the hiatus. Methods: After institutional review board approval, a prospectively maintained database was retrospectively queried to identify patients who underwent reoperative intervention between 2003 and spring of 2013 and had mesh placed at a previous hiatal hernia procedure. Patient charts were reviewed and data variables collected. Results: Twenty-six patients (mean age of 56.7 ± 18.3; 19 females) who underwent 27 procedures met the inclusion criteria. Synthetic mesh was placed in 15 (56 %) procedures, while the remaining 12 had biologic mesh. The mean interval between reoperative intervention and previous surgery was 33 months. Dysphagia (56 %) was the most common presentation, while three patients had mesh erosion. Recurrent hiatus hernia (2 to 7 cm) was noted in 19 (70 %) patients. Eight patients (30 %) underwent redo fundoplication, six patients (22 %) were converted to Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy, two patients (7.4 %) underwent distal esophagectomy with esophagojejunostomy, five patients (19 %) had subtotal esophagectomy with gastric pull-up, and one patient underwent substernal gastric pull-up for esophageal bypass with interval esophagectomy. The mean operative time was 252 ± 71.7 min, and the median blood loss was 150 ml (range, 50-1,650 ml). There was no postoperative mortality. Conclusion: Reoperative intervention in patients with mesh at the hiatus is associated with a high need for esophageal resection. More than two thirds of the patients also had a recurrent hiatal hernia.

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