Revisiting distinctive processes in memory

Michael J. Cortese, Jason M. Watson, Maya M. Khanna, Mathie Mccallion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In three experiments, we examined the relationship between orthographic and phonological distinctiveness and incidental recall. In each experiment, participants were given a surprise free recall test after they read words aloud as quickly and accurately as possible. The pattern of results replicated those reported in Cortese, Watson, Wang, and Fugett (2004) for intentional and explicit free recall and recognition memory tasks in which items were read silently. Specifically, we found that phonological-to-orthographic neighborhood size influenced recall performance, whereas orthographic-to-phonological consistency and phonological-to-orthographic consistency did not Also, we failed to replicate the orthographic-to-phonological consistency effect reported by Hirshman and Jackson (1997), and argue that their results were due to a confounding of consistency with phonological neighborhood size. Our results suggest that the processing of words sharing both orthography and phonology with a large number of words produces interference that reduces one's ability to remember them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-451
Number of pages6
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
Volume13
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Word Processing
Aptitude
Orthographic
Recognition (Psychology)
Experiment
Free Recall

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Cortese, M. J., Watson, J. M., Khanna, M. M., & Mccallion, M. (2006). Revisiting distinctive processes in memory. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 13(3), 446-451.

Revisiting distinctive processes in memory. / Cortese, Michael J.; Watson, Jason M.; Khanna, Maya M.; Mccallion, Mathie.

In: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, Vol. 13, No. 3, 06.2006, p. 446-451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cortese, MJ, Watson, JM, Khanna, MM & Mccallion, M 2006, 'Revisiting distinctive processes in memory', Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 446-451.
Cortese MJ, Watson JM, Khanna MM, Mccallion M. Revisiting distinctive processes in memory. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 2006 Jun;13(3):446-451.
Cortese, Michael J. ; Watson, Jason M. ; Khanna, Maya M. ; Mccallion, Mathie. / Revisiting distinctive processes in memory. In: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 2006 ; Vol. 13, No. 3. pp. 446-451.
@article{2c69562f660f426e92a3371bb78de668,
title = "Revisiting distinctive processes in memory",
abstract = "In three experiments, we examined the relationship between orthographic and phonological distinctiveness and incidental recall. In each experiment, participants were given a surprise free recall test after they read words aloud as quickly and accurately as possible. The pattern of results replicated those reported in Cortese, Watson, Wang, and Fugett (2004) for intentional and explicit free recall and recognition memory tasks in which items were read silently. Specifically, we found that phonological-to-orthographic neighborhood size influenced recall performance, whereas orthographic-to-phonological consistency and phonological-to-orthographic consistency did not Also, we failed to replicate the orthographic-to-phonological consistency effect reported by Hirshman and Jackson (1997), and argue that their results were due to a confounding of consistency with phonological neighborhood size. Our results suggest that the processing of words sharing both orthography and phonology with a large number of words produces interference that reduces one's ability to remember them.",
author = "Cortese, {Michael J.} and Watson, {Jason M.} and Khanna, {Maya M.} and Mathie Mccallion",
year = "2006",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "446--451",
journal = "Psychonomic Bulletin and Review",
issn = "1069-9384",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Revisiting distinctive processes in memory

AU - Cortese, Michael J.

AU - Watson, Jason M.

AU - Khanna, Maya M.

AU - Mccallion, Mathie

PY - 2006/6

Y1 - 2006/6

N2 - In three experiments, we examined the relationship between orthographic and phonological distinctiveness and incidental recall. In each experiment, participants were given a surprise free recall test after they read words aloud as quickly and accurately as possible. The pattern of results replicated those reported in Cortese, Watson, Wang, and Fugett (2004) for intentional and explicit free recall and recognition memory tasks in which items were read silently. Specifically, we found that phonological-to-orthographic neighborhood size influenced recall performance, whereas orthographic-to-phonological consistency and phonological-to-orthographic consistency did not Also, we failed to replicate the orthographic-to-phonological consistency effect reported by Hirshman and Jackson (1997), and argue that their results were due to a confounding of consistency with phonological neighborhood size. Our results suggest that the processing of words sharing both orthography and phonology with a large number of words produces interference that reduces one's ability to remember them.

AB - In three experiments, we examined the relationship between orthographic and phonological distinctiveness and incidental recall. In each experiment, participants were given a surprise free recall test after they read words aloud as quickly and accurately as possible. The pattern of results replicated those reported in Cortese, Watson, Wang, and Fugett (2004) for intentional and explicit free recall and recognition memory tasks in which items were read silently. Specifically, we found that phonological-to-orthographic neighborhood size influenced recall performance, whereas orthographic-to-phonological consistency and phonological-to-orthographic consistency did not Also, we failed to replicate the orthographic-to-phonological consistency effect reported by Hirshman and Jackson (1997), and argue that their results were due to a confounding of consistency with phonological neighborhood size. Our results suggest that the processing of words sharing both orthography and phonology with a large number of words produces interference that reduces one's ability to remember them.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37849185645&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37849185645&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 446

EP - 451

JO - Psychonomic Bulletin and Review

JF - Psychonomic Bulletin and Review

SN - 1069-9384

IS - 3

ER -