Therapeutic goals for the treatment of hypertension and the ability of various angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to meet these goals are presented. The 1997 Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure ONC-VI) does not recommend ACE inhibitors for first-line therapy in the treatment of hypertension; however, these guidelines do identify compelling indications for ACE inhibitor therapy, including diabetes mellitus (type 1) with proteinuria, heart failure, or previous myocardial infarction with systolic dysfunction. Since the JNC-Vl guidelines were developed, the results of a prospective randomized clinical trial in patients with uncomplicated hypertension have demonstrated that ACE inhibitor therapy is as effective as conventional treatment in the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In hypertensive patients with diabetes, therapy with captopfil, enalapfil, fosinophi, or ramipril has resulted in significant reductions in cardiovascular events. In addition, tight blood pressure control with an ACE inhibitor has resulted in a greater reduction in the risk of macrovascutar and microvascular complications of diabetes than was seen with less tight control. Recent study results support broader use of ACE inhibitors for hypertension than was recommended in the JNC-VI guidelines.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health Policy