Ru(II) coordination compounds of N[sbnd]N bidentate chelators with 1,2,3 triazole and isoquinoline subunits: Synthesis, spectroscopy and antimicrobial properties

Nicholas W. Kreofsky, Maxwell D. Dillenburg, Eric M. Villa, James T. Fletcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bidentate chelators 1-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)isoquinoline and 3-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)isoquinoline were prepared from benzyl bromide and trimethylsilylethynylisoquinoline precursors using a tandem deprotection/substitution/CuAAC synthetic approach. Each chelator is capable of forming a stable 3:1 Ru(II) coordination compound, which forms as a geometric isomer mixture. These Ru(II) complexes possess unique MLCT absorbance signatures at 450/472 nm (1-isomer) and 367 nm (3-isomer) relative to their constituent chelating units. Minimum inhibitory concentration values as low as 0.4 μM are observed for Ru(II) complexes against representative Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Comparing the MIC values of these isoquinoline compounds with analogous 2-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine compounds shows a 2.5- to 40-fold improvement in potency. This study establishes that increased hydrophobicity introduced at the central chelating units of Ru(II) coordination compounds can be a useful means by which to optimize antimicrobial activity that is complimentary to the variation of peripheral substituent identity at the chelator's N1 triazole position.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114259
JournalPolyhedron
Volume177
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

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Triazoles
Chelating Agents
Isomers
isomers
Spectroscopy
Chelation
synthesis
spectroscopy
staphylococcus
Bacillus
Bacilli
Hydrophobicity
hydrophobicity
Pyridine
bacteria
bromides
pyridines
Bacteria
Substitution reactions
signatures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Ru(II) coordination compounds of N[sbnd]N bidentate chelators with 1,2,3 triazole and isoquinoline subunits: Synthesis, spectroscopy and antimicrobial properties",
abstract = "Bidentate chelators 1-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)isoquinoline and 3-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)isoquinoline were prepared from benzyl bromide and trimethylsilylethynylisoquinoline precursors using a tandem deprotection/substitution/CuAAC synthetic approach. Each chelator is capable of forming a stable 3:1 Ru(II) coordination compound, which forms as a geometric isomer mixture. These Ru(II) complexes possess unique MLCT absorbance signatures at 450/472 nm (1-isomer) and 367 nm (3-isomer) relative to their constituent chelating units. Minimum inhibitory concentration values as low as 0.4 μM are observed for Ru(II) complexes against representative Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Comparing the MIC values of these isoquinoline compounds with analogous 2-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine compounds shows a 2.5- to 40-fold improvement in potency. This study establishes that increased hydrophobicity introduced at the central chelating units of Ru(II) coordination compounds can be a useful means by which to optimize antimicrobial activity that is complimentary to the variation of peripheral substituent identity at the chelator's N1 triazole position.",
author = "Kreofsky, {Nicholas W.} and Dillenburg, {Maxwell D.} and Villa, {Eric M.} and Fletcher, {James T.}",
year = "2020",
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T1 - Ru(II) coordination compounds of N[sbnd]N bidentate chelators with 1,2,3 triazole and isoquinoline subunits

T2 - Synthesis, spectroscopy and antimicrobial properties

AU - Kreofsky, Nicholas W.

AU - Dillenburg, Maxwell D.

AU - Villa, Eric M.

AU - Fletcher, James T.

PY - 2020/2/1

Y1 - 2020/2/1

N2 - Bidentate chelators 1-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)isoquinoline and 3-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)isoquinoline were prepared from benzyl bromide and trimethylsilylethynylisoquinoline precursors using a tandem deprotection/substitution/CuAAC synthetic approach. Each chelator is capable of forming a stable 3:1 Ru(II) coordination compound, which forms as a geometric isomer mixture. These Ru(II) complexes possess unique MLCT absorbance signatures at 450/472 nm (1-isomer) and 367 nm (3-isomer) relative to their constituent chelating units. Minimum inhibitory concentration values as low as 0.4 μM are observed for Ru(II) complexes against representative Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Comparing the MIC values of these isoquinoline compounds with analogous 2-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine compounds shows a 2.5- to 40-fold improvement in potency. This study establishes that increased hydrophobicity introduced at the central chelating units of Ru(II) coordination compounds can be a useful means by which to optimize antimicrobial activity that is complimentary to the variation of peripheral substituent identity at the chelator's N1 triazole position.

AB - Bidentate chelators 1-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)isoquinoline and 3-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)isoquinoline were prepared from benzyl bromide and trimethylsilylethynylisoquinoline precursors using a tandem deprotection/substitution/CuAAC synthetic approach. Each chelator is capable of forming a stable 3:1 Ru(II) coordination compound, which forms as a geometric isomer mixture. These Ru(II) complexes possess unique MLCT absorbance signatures at 450/472 nm (1-isomer) and 367 nm (3-isomer) relative to their constituent chelating units. Minimum inhibitory concentration values as low as 0.4 μM are observed for Ru(II) complexes against representative Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Comparing the MIC values of these isoquinoline compounds with analogous 2-(1-benzyl-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine compounds shows a 2.5- to 40-fold improvement in potency. This study establishes that increased hydrophobicity introduced at the central chelating units of Ru(II) coordination compounds can be a useful means by which to optimize antimicrobial activity that is complimentary to the variation of peripheral substituent identity at the chelator's N1 triazole position.

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