Scope of artificial intelligence in gastrointestinal oncology

Hemant Goyal, Syed A.A. Sherazi, Rupinder Mann, Zainab Gandhi, Abhilash Perisetti, Muhammad Aziz, Saurabh Chandan, Jonathan Kopel, Benjamin Tharian, Neil Sharma, Nirav Thosani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Gastrointestinal cancers are among the leading causes of death worldwide, with over 2.8 million deaths annually. Over the last few decades, advancements in artificial intelligence technologies have led to their application in medicine. The use of artificial intelligence in endoscopic procedures is a significant breakthrough in modern medicine. Currently, the diagnosis of various gastrointestinal cancer relies on the manual interpretation of radiographic images by radiologists and various endoscopic images by endoscopists. This can lead to diagnostic variabilities as it requires concentration and clinical experience in the field. Artificial intelligence using machine or deep learning algorithms can provide automatic and accurate image analysis and thus assist in diagnosis. In the field of gastroenterology, the application of artificial intelligence can be vast from diagnosis, predicting tumor histology, polyp characterization, metastatic potential, prognosis, and treatment response. It can also provide accurate prediction models to determine the need for intervention with computer-aided diagnosis. The number of research studies on artificial intelligence in gastrointestinal cancer has been increasing rapidly over the last decade due to immense interest in the field. This review aims to review the impact, limitations, and future potentials of artificial intelligence in screening, diagnosis, tumor staging, treatment modalities, and prediction models for the prognosis of various gastrointestinal cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5494
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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