Aims: To assess gender differences in in-hospital mortality and 90-day readmission rates among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in the USA. Methods and results: Hospitalizations for TAVR were retrospectively identified in the National readmissions database (NRD) from 2012 to 2017. Gender based differences in in-hospital mortality and 90-day readmissions were explored using multivariable logistic regression models. During the study period, an estimated 171 361 hospitalizations for TAVR were identified, including 79 722 (46.5%) procedures in women and 91 639 (53.5%) in men. Unadjusted in-hospital mortality and 90-day all-cause readmissions were significantly higher for women compared with men (2.7% vs. 2.3%, P = 0.002; 25.1% vs. 24.1%, P = 0.012, respectively). After adjusting for baseline characteristics, women had 13% greater adjusted odds of in-hospital mortality [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02-1.26, P = 0.017], and 9% greater adjusted odds of 90-day readmission compared with men (aOR: 1.09, 95% CI: 1.05-1.14, P < 0.001). During the study period, there was a steady decrease in-hospital mortality (5.3% in 2012 to 1.6% in 2017; Ptrend < 0.001) and 90-day (29.9% in 2012 to 21.7% in 2017; Ptrend < 0.001) readmission rate in both genders. Conclusion: In-hospital mortality and readmission rates for TAVR hospitalizations have decreased over time across both genders. Despite these improvements, women undergoing TAVR continue to have a modestly higher in-hospital mortality, and 90-day readmission rates compared with men. Given the expanding indications and use of TAVR, further research is necessary to identify the reasons for this persistent gap and design appropriate interventions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||European heart journal. Quality of care & clinical outcomes|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health Policy
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine