Sex, gender, and intersex: anthropological, medical, and ethical critiques and proposals

Michael G. Lawler, Todd A. Salzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The problems of intersex have received little attention from both Catholic Magisterium and theologians. Early in 2019, the Vatican Congregation for Catholic Education issued a document intended to be a pathway for a dialogue on the issue of gender in education. This essay responds to that document as a contribution to filling theological gaps in the consideration of intersex. It first explains and critiques the theological anthropology underlying the Vatican document and then analyzes and critiques Western cultural, medical approaches to intersex persons. It dialogues with the experience of intersex persons and the social sciences that document it and concludes by proposing ethical principles to guide intersex persons, their parents, and their physicians in the care and treatment of intersex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-226
Number of pages22
JournalTheology and Sexuality
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Religious studies
  • Gender Studies


Dive into the research topics of 'Sex, gender, and intersex: anthropological, medical, and ethical critiques and proposals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this