Simultaneous ultraviolet and x-ray spectroscopy of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548. I. Physical conditions in the ultraviolet absorbers

D. M. Crenshaw, S. B. Kraemer, Jack Gabel, J. S. Kaastra, K. C. Sieenbrugge, A. C. Brinkman, J. P. Dunn, I. M. George, D. A. Liedahl, F. B S Paerels, T. J. Turner, T. Yaqoob

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Abstract

We present new UV spectra of the nucleus of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548, which we obtained with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph at high spectral resolution, in conjunction with simultaneous Chandra X-Ray Observatory spectra. Taking advantage of the low UV continuum and broad emission-line fluxes, we have determined that the deepest UV absorption component covers at least a portion of the inner, high-ionization narrow-line region (NLR). We find nonunity covering factors in the cores of several kinematic components, which increase the column density measurements of N v and C IV by factors of 1.2-1.9 over the full-covering case; however, the revised columns have only a minor effect on the parameters derived from our photoionization models. For the first time, we have simultaneous N v and C IV columns for component 1 (at -1040 km s-1) and find that this component cannot be an X-ray warm absorber, contrary to our previous claim based on nonsimultaneous observations. We find that models of the absorbers based on solar abundances severely overpredict the O VI columns previously obtained with the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer and present arguments that this is not likely due to variability. However, models that include either enhanced nitrogen (twice solar) or dust, with strong depletion of carbon in either case, are successful in matching all of the observed ionic columns. These models result in substantially lower ionization parameters and total column densities compared to dust-free solar-abundance models and produce little O VII or O VII, indicating that none of the UV absorbers are X-ray warm absorbers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-127
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume594
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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x ray spectroscopy
absorbers
spectroscopy
galaxies
ionization
coverings
dust
x rays
spectral resolution
spectrographs
physical conditions
photoionization
observatories
depletion
kinematics
observatory
telescopes
continuums
nitrogen
nuclei

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Crenshaw, D. M., Kraemer, S. B., Gabel, J., Kaastra, J. S., Sieenbrugge, K. C., Brinkman, A. C., ... Yaqoob, T. (2003). Simultaneous ultraviolet and x-ray spectroscopy of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548. I. Physical conditions in the ultraviolet absorbers. Astrophysical Journal, 594(1 I), 116-127. https://doi.org/10.1086/376792

Simultaneous ultraviolet and x-ray spectroscopy of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548. I. Physical conditions in the ultraviolet absorbers. / Crenshaw, D. M.; Kraemer, S. B.; Gabel, Jack; Kaastra, J. S.; Sieenbrugge, K. C.; Brinkman, A. C.; Dunn, J. P.; George, I. M.; Liedahl, D. A.; Paerels, F. B S; Turner, T. J.; Yaqoob, T.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 594, No. 1 I, 01.09.2003, p. 116-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crenshaw, DM, Kraemer, SB, Gabel, J, Kaastra, JS, Sieenbrugge, KC, Brinkman, AC, Dunn, JP, George, IM, Liedahl, DA, Paerels, FBS, Turner, TJ & Yaqoob, T 2003, 'Simultaneous ultraviolet and x-ray spectroscopy of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548. I. Physical conditions in the ultraviolet absorbers', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 594, no. 1 I, pp. 116-127. https://doi.org/10.1086/376792
Crenshaw, D. M. ; Kraemer, S. B. ; Gabel, Jack ; Kaastra, J. S. ; Sieenbrugge, K. C. ; Brinkman, A. C. ; Dunn, J. P. ; George, I. M. ; Liedahl, D. A. ; Paerels, F. B S ; Turner, T. J. ; Yaqoob, T. / Simultaneous ultraviolet and x-ray spectroscopy of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548. I. Physical conditions in the ultraviolet absorbers. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 594, No. 1 I. pp. 116-127.
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AU - Gabel, Jack

AU - Kaastra, J. S.

AU - Sieenbrugge, K. C.

AU - Brinkman, A. C.

AU - Dunn, J. P.

AU - George, I. M.

AU - Liedahl, D. A.

AU - Paerels, F. B S

AU - Turner, T. J.

AU - Yaqoob, T.

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N2 - We present new UV spectra of the nucleus of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548, which we obtained with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph at high spectral resolution, in conjunction with simultaneous Chandra X-Ray Observatory spectra. Taking advantage of the low UV continuum and broad emission-line fluxes, we have determined that the deepest UV absorption component covers at least a portion of the inner, high-ionization narrow-line region (NLR). We find nonunity covering factors in the cores of several kinematic components, which increase the column density measurements of N v and C IV by factors of 1.2-1.9 over the full-covering case; however, the revised columns have only a minor effect on the parameters derived from our photoionization models. For the first time, we have simultaneous N v and C IV columns for component 1 (at -1040 km s-1) and find that this component cannot be an X-ray warm absorber, contrary to our previous claim based on nonsimultaneous observations. We find that models of the absorbers based on solar abundances severely overpredict the O VI columns previously obtained with the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer and present arguments that this is not likely due to variability. However, models that include either enhanced nitrogen (twice solar) or dust, with strong depletion of carbon in either case, are successful in matching all of the observed ionic columns. These models result in substantially lower ionization parameters and total column densities compared to dust-free solar-abundance models and produce little O VII or O VII, indicating that none of the UV absorbers are X-ray warm absorbers.

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